Unformatted text preview: Attacking Faulty Reasoning Damer Chapter 1 “A Code of Intellectual Conduct” Why have a code of intellectual Why conduct? conduct? 1. It defines effective ways of handling difficult issues rationally. 2. It sets an ethical standard of fairness in an argument. When we behave well in an argument, we do a better job of presenting our view because we: a. can avoid making common errors in reasoning b. can construct strong arguments 13 principles of argument of 13 good intellectual style… good
1. The Fallibility Principle 2. The TruthSeeking Principle 3. The Clarity Principle 4. The Burden of Proof Principle 5. The Principle of Charity 6. The Structural Principle 7. The Relevance Principle 8. The Acceptability Principle 9. The Sufficiency Principle 10. The Rebuttal Principle 11. The Resolution Principle 12. The Suspension of Judgment Principle 13. The Reconsideration Principle What do these mean?
1. The Fallibility Principle Sometimes my view may be wrong or hard to defend. 2.The TruthSeeking Principle I will search for the truth no matter how I feel about it. 3. The Clarity Principle I will present my views in clear language so my views can be easily understood. 4. The Burden of Proof Principle If I set forth the position, I am responsible for proving it. 5. The Principle of Charity I believe my opponent does not deliberately reformulate my argument so that it is misleading. 6. The Structural Principle My argument meets the basic requirements of a wellformed argument. 7. The Relevance Principle The reasons I give in an argument are all related to my position. 8. The Acceptability Principle The reasons I give are likely to be accepted by a rationally mature person. 9.The Sufficiency Principle The different kinds of reasons I give have significant weight to support my conclusion. 10. The Rebuttal Principle When I present an argument, I should be able to answer all serious challenges with viable alternatives. 12. The Resolution Principle I accept the position that has the best support. 12. The Suspension of Judgment Principle I will not judge an argument when both positions are strongly defended unless an immediate decision is necessary. 1. The Reconsideration Principle I am willing to look at an issue again when doubts are raised about my position. RECAP: The 13 principles above constitute one code of conduct for effective discussion. The 3 standard principles for intellectual inquiry: 1. the fallibility principle 2. the truthseeking principle 3. the clarity principle ...
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- Fall '09