ecstasy Unit II feeder 2 - Borde 1 Pretish Borde Professor...

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Borde 1 Pretish Borde Professor Lam English 102 6 October 2010 The History of Ecstasy MDMA, also known by the street name “ecstasy”, is a drug that has an interesting past due to the conflicting viewpoints and attitudes towards the drug at different time periods in history. As Benzenhöfer points out, “[Ecstasy] was first synthesized in 1912 by the chemist Arthur Koellisch and was rediscovered more than once between the 1920s and 1960s” (Benzenhöfer 2010). Alexander Shulgin, a pharmacologist born in 1925, rediscovered the drug by synthesizing MDMA in 1965; he also engineered several other related compounds throughout the 1960s, such as 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), 3-methoxy-4,5- methylenedioxyamphetamine (MMDA) and 3,4-methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDE). (Benzenhöfer 2010) In 1977, Shulgin passed ecstasy on to one of his associates, Dr. Leo Zeff. Zeff, a psychologist, spawned the idea of using the drug to put psychiatric patients at ease during therapy. Richard Yensen, a therapist in Maryland, gave a drug similar to Ecstasy to his patients
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ecstasy Unit II feeder 2 - Borde 1 Pretish Borde Professor...

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