midterm - CPSC 213, Winter 2009, Term 2 Midterm Exam...

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Unformatted text preview: CPSC 213, Winter 2009, Term 2 Midterm Exam Solution Date: March 12, 2010; Instructor: Mike Feeley 1 (2 marks) Memory Addresses. Give an example of a memory address that is aligned to an four-byte boundary, but not to an eight-byte boundary. 4 2 (4 marks) Pointer Arithmetic. Consider the following three lines of C code. For the assignments to i and j , say (a) whether the code generates a runtime error and why or (b) what value the variables have after the code executes. If the first generates an error and the second does not, give the value of the second ignoring the first. Show your work. int a[10] = { 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 } ; int i = * (a + ((&a[7])-a) + * (a+2)); int j = * (a + * ((&a[7])-a) + * (a+2)); 2a i : No error. Value of i is 9. 2b j : This statement will attempt to de-reference the address ((&a[7]-a) == 7 , which would probably generate a runtime error. On a non-Intel architecture it will be an error, because 7 is an unaligned address. The Intel ISA allows unaligned addresses, but on most operating systems, page 0 is protected and so attempting to read address 7 generates an invalid address error. To answer this question correctly, you can say either it will generate an error or it will read memory at address 7, which it outside of the array or something like that. 3 (4 marks) Dynamic Allocation. A dangling pointer exits when a program retains a reference to dynamically allocated memory after it has been freed/reclaimed. A memory leak exists when a program fails to free/reclaim dynamically allocated memory that it is no longer needed by the program....
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midterm - CPSC 213, Winter 2009, Term 2 Midterm Exam...

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