TERM 1 SEPT 20: GREEKS AND GENDER : TRAGEDYSophacloes - Antigone-antigonepicks up in the same (uber-dismal) place that Oedipus at Colonusleaves off. Oedipus has just passed away in Colonus, and Antigone and her sister decide to return to Thebes with the intention of helping their brothers, Eteocles and Polyneices, avoid a prophecy that predicts they will kill each other in a battle for the throne of Thebes.-But upon her arrival in Thebes, Antigone learns that both of her brothersare dead. Eteocles has been given a proper burial, but Creon, Antigone's uncle who has inherited the throne, has issued a royal edict banning the burial of Polyneices, who he believes was a traitor. Antigone defies the law, buries her brother, and is caught. When Creon locks her away in prison, she kills herself.-Meanwhile, not realizing Antigone has taken her own life, the blind prophet Teiresias, Creon's son and Antigone's fiancé Haemon, and the Chorus plead with Creon to release her. Creon finally relents, but in an instance of too-late-timing, finds her dead in her jail cell. Out of despair, Haemon and Creon’s wife have by now also killed themselves, and Creonis left in distress and sorrow.-Antigoneexplores a contrast between the behavior expected of women and the reality of their role in society. Creon expects men to be the primary actors in society and women to take a secondary and subservient role. Opinionated Antigone challenges these notions as she takes center stage and presents formidable challenges to the men around her.Euripides - trojan women -The play begins with two gods, Athenaand Poseidon, descending from the heavens to discuss the aftermath of the war between the invading Greek armies and the people of the city of Troy. Poseidon has supported the Trojans, whereas Athena has supported the Greeks. However, she has now turned against them. The Greek warrior, Ajax, raped the Trojan princess Cassandrain Athena’s temple, which the goddess sees as an act of great disrespect. As a result, she has called on Poseidon, as well as Zeus, to work with her to create stormy seas to punish the Greeks on their journey home.-The gods exit, and the mortal plot unfolds. The stage shows a ruined wall, and in front of it a tent containing the recently enslaved women of Troy. Hecuba, the former queen of Troy, laments the destruction of her city, and the horrible treatment her family has endured. The Chorus,
made up of her former handmaidens and other noble Trojan women, joins her, and together they sing, wondering what will become of them and which Greeks will be their masters.-Talthybius, a Greek guard, enters and tries to inform Hecuba of the deathof her daughter, Polyxena. He uses euphemistic language, and Hecuba does not initially understand what he is trying to say. He also announces to the women that they will all be taken as slaves by different Greek men, and so will have to leave their homeland essentially alone.