100e2s09 - P sychology 100 Exam 2 Spring 2009 A 1. The...

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Psychology 100 Exam 2 Spring 2009 A 1. The pathway that researchers believe mediates the perception of pain originates in a. the septal nucleus b. the periacqueductal gray c. the medulla d. the medial forebrain bundle 2. When an animal's innate response tendencies interfere with the conditioning process, it is referred to as a. learned helplessness b. instinctive drift c. counterconditioning d. misbehavior 3. When an individual has a phobia, the irrational fear and anxiety that the person experiences is a. a conditioned response b. an unconditioned response c. a conditioned stimulus d. an unconditioned stimulus 4. You are watching a rat pressing a lever in a Skinner box to obtain food pellets. The rat pauses for a long time after each food pellet is delivered, but slowly increases its rate of lever pressing as more time elapses. In this example, the reinforcement schedule that is in place is most likely a. a variable-ratio schedule b. a fixed-interval schedule c. a variable-interval schedule d. a fixed-ratio schedule 5. According to one theory of color vision, colors are signaled in pairs by neurons that fire faster to one color and slower to another color. This theory is known as the a. opponent process theory b. trichromatic theory c. signal-detection theory d. feature-detection theory 6. When advertisers pair their products with attractive people or enjoyable surroundings, in the hope that the pairings will cause their products to evoke good feelings, they are using principles derived from a. classical conditioning b. instrumental conditioning c. observational learning d. operant conditioning 7. Generally, the four basic tastes are considered to be a. salty, sweet, sour, and bitter b. salty, spicy, bland, and sour c. sour, bitter, bland, and hot d. sweet, sour, spicy, and smooth 8. The lights around the movie marquee flashed on-and-off in succession. However, Jerome did not perceive them as separate lights flashing, but instead saw a continuous band of light moving around the edge of the marquee. Jerome's perception illustrates a. the phi phenomenon b. bottom-up processing c. feature detection d. preattentive processing 9. The two major cues we use to localize sound sources in space are a. distance and loudness b. intensity and timing differences at the ears c. pitch and loudness differences at the ears d. loudness and timbre differences at the ears
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10. The continued presentation of the CS without the UCS will result in the gradual disappearance of the CR. This phenomenon is known as a. extinction b. inhibition c. suppression d. conditioned forgetting 11. In the signal-detection method, if a subject detects a stimulus when no stimulus is actually present, this would be a a. hit b. miss c. false alarm d. correct rejection 12. Stimulus generalization occurs when a. there is a temporal association between two stimuli b. an organism fails to respond to stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus used in conditioning c. an unconditioned stimulus fails to elicit the unconditioned response
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This note was uploaded on 10/11/2010 for the course PSYC 110 taught by Professor Tuttell during the Spring '10 term at Binghamton University.

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100e2s09 - P sychology 100 Exam 2 Spring 2009 A 1. The...

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