edsp470 - 2.16.10 People with disabilities were treated...

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2.16.10 People with disabilities were treated harshly and inhumanely in the early 1900s. They were separated from society. They would be placed in institutions specifically for people with disabilities. They would come in and hose them down in groups of 40 and that was there shower. Society believed that if you touched someone with a disability then you would acquire a disability as well. It was legal to sterilize and castrate men. That began to change in the mid 1900s. Moms started protesting the treatment of there disabled children. Formed the Association for varying disabilities. Then there was a major change in legislation in the 1950s. Brown v Board of education. Another major legislation was PARC v Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The courts determined that all kids with mental retardation needed an educational system. 1971. In 1972, Mills v District of Columbia Board of Education, said not only children with MR deserved education, but all children with disabilities deserved education. In 1975, the most significant piece of legislation was mandated in EHA- Education Handicap Act, also known as Public Law 94-142. Law mandated that all individuals deserved FAPE. Free Appropriate Public Education between the ages of 6-21, all people with disabilities deserved FAPE. 1986, Amendment added to provide services for kids between the ages of 3-5, known as P.L. 99-457. The first number stands for the # congress, and the piece of legislation in that congress. Then they extended it from birth to 21. In 1990, changed name for IDEA- Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. A handicap is a limitation imposed by society. They changed the name because they wanted to use person first language. This was founded based upon language. In order to be eligible for FAPE, you have to be identified in 12 disability categories: 1) MR 2) LD ( Learning disabilities) 3) ED (emotional disturbance) 4) Speech and Language 5) Vision loss 6) Hearing loss 7) Orthopedic impairments 8) Other health impairments (ex. HIV) 9) Deaf/Blindness 10) Multiple Disabilities 11) Autism 12) TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury) The five components of IDEA are: 1) Multi-disciplinary and non-discriminatory assessment (students must be
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edsp470 - 2.16.10 People with disabilities were treated...

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