brainchem - Neurochemistry Neurochemistry The chemistry...

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Unformatted text preview: Neurochemistry Neurochemistry The chemistry behind your The touchy-feely-teachers. touchy-feely-teachers. Abstract Abstract To understand much of the chemistry To behind emotions, first information was gathered about the processes of brain’s functions involving… brain’s Neurons Neurotransmitters Synapse was understood, the connection between the brain’s “chemical imbalance” and emotions was researched. Once the basic physiology of the brain Once This Is Your Brain. This General Anatomy General Cerebellum, Cerebrum, and Cerebellum, Medulla Medulla Cerebrum includes 4 lobes (arietal, Cerebrum frontal, temporal, occipital) frontal, Frontal lobe is where it’s at. Frontal Controls sense to reason, feel of Controls emotions, memory, sense of emotions memory, judgment, and behavior judgment, FUN FACT FUN The frontal lobe is not fully matured The until you are 25 25 This is a huge part of the reason why it This is illegal to drink alcohol until you are 21. Got alcohol? Then you get a confused Got frontal lobe. General Anatomy (cont.) General General Physiology General SYNAPSE Messages are sent via neurotransmitters across the Messages synapse synapse NEUROTRANSMITTERS The actual chemicals that are attaching to the The receptors, which are on dendrites, and are sent from the axons the Main neurotransmitters: amino acids, peptides, Main monoamines, and acetylcholine monoamines, Bond to receptors and activate absorption, Bond secretion, or permeability to ions secretion, Neurotransmitters Neurotransmitters Hydrogen bonded Hydrogen to receptor to Due to amine group or Due hydroxyl (alcohol) group hydroxyl Some main Some chemicals found in the brain: the GABA and Glutamate: GABA GABA (gamma aminobutyric acid) is the decarboxylated derivative of glutamate of Dopamine: sensation of Dopamine: Action Potential Action When neurotransmitters cross the synapse When between two neurons and attaches to receptors, an action potential is sparked. action At rest… Inside cell is negative Outside cell is positive Ion pumps (e.g. Na+ and K+) Ions are absorbed or released across the Ions membrane creating a difference in voltage: electrical potential electrical Action Potential Action Hearts, Flowers, Butterflies, and Rainbows… and Emotions are believed to be a result of Emotions a “chemical imbalance” within the brain. brain. Too much of a neurotransmitter (or Too too little) leads to a change in a person’s “feelings” person’s Can also be the reverse: certain Can thoughts and feelings can actually cause a drop or increase in neurotransmitters neurotransmitters Love=OCD Love=OCD Serotonin levels increase with Serotonin Obsessive Compulsive Disorder When a person falls in love and is When in the early stages of love, they have increased serotonin levels. have Scientists in Pisa, Italy, have Scientists concluded that this is why a loveconcluded interest tends to “pop” into the interest lover’s thoughts randomly and often. often. Decrease in serotonin Decrease depression depression Coke and Dope Coke Dopamine triggers Dopamine emotions of “desire and reward” reward” Cycle disrupted Cocaine fools the neuron So the pleasure keeps So going, since dopamine levels are high. levels Low dopamine Low depresession depresession Norepinephrine Norepinephrine Norepinephrine is the Norepinephrine product of the βproduct oxidation of dopamine Found in high-protein Found foods, especially meats foods, Norepinephrine is similar Norepinephrine to serotonin and dopamine in that lack of it may cause depression. it "An Overview of Chemical Imbalance ­ Including neurotransmitters Serotonin, Norepinephrine, Dopamine, GABA." Mental Health Center ­ Anxiety, Depression, Social Anxiety Disorder, Panic Attacks, ADHD ­ Adults, Teens and Children. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2010. <http://www.thehealthcenter.info/chemical­imbalance.htm>. Best, Ben. "BRAIN NEUROTRANSMITTERS." BEN BEST's HOME PAGE. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2010. <http:// www.benbest.com/science/anatmind/anatmd10.html>. Little, Nan. "Chemical Imbalance ­ What is Chemical Imbalance, What Causes It, How to Cope." Insight Journal Home: Information about Anxiety, Depression, Panic Attacks, Social Anxiety, ADHD and Alternative Medicines for Wellness and Treatment. Includes signs, symptoms, diagnosis, therapy and treatment options.. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2010. <http://www.anxiety­and­depression­solutions.com/insight_answers/chemical_imbalance.php>. "Neurotransmitters." What is Life HOME. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2010. <http://www.whatislife.com/reader2/Metabolism/pathway/Neurotransmitter.html>. "The Chemistry Of Emotions." Self Improvement from SelfGrowth.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2010. <http://www.selfgrowth.com/articles/The_Chemistry_Of_Emotions.html>. Watson, Stephanie. "Howstuffworks "How Crack Cocaine Works"." Howstuffworks "Health". N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2010. <http://health.howstuffworks.com/crack.htm/printable>. "What chemical reactions occur in your brain when you fall in love with someone?." Ask Questions, Find Answers ­ Askville. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2010. <http://askville.amazon.com/chemical­reactions­occur­brain­fall­ love/AnswerViewer.do?requestId=12874518>. ...
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