Final Review

Final Review - Historical Intro to Western Philosophy PHIL...

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Historical Intro to Western Philosophy REVIEW FOR FINAL PHIL 051 MV1, MV2 Fall 2007 The final will mostly – basically entirely – consist of short-answer questions like the ones below. These questions also point you to the content from our readings that you’ll have to know. There will not be anything about Descartes on the final. Also you won’t HAVE to answer anything about the movie – Nightjohn – although you’ll probably have the option. Many or most of the questions will be somewhat detail-oriented (like those below), but a few will be more open ended (like the last question about Wegner in the list below, where I’ll ask you for your evaluation of how convincing a particular view was). Also note, for whatever its worth, that you will probably have a certain degree of choice about which questions to answer. In other words, I will give you options here and there such as: pick three of these five questions. If you have good solid accurate answers to all of the questions on this sheet you will definitely get an A on the final. You will have two hours to complete the final, although you probably will not need all of that time. Plato: Myths of the Soul’s Ascent 1. The first handout (which is on Blackboard) included three of Plato’s allegories for the soul’s ascent: the charioteer myth from Phaedrus , the allegory of the cave from Republic , and the ladder of ascent to the beautiful from Symposium . Know at least one of these myths / allegories and be able to say (a) how the mythical story goes and (b) what is the literal meaning or message of the myth. Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics 1. Aristotle writes: “to say that the highest good is happiness is obviously something undisputed, while it still begs to be said in a more clear and distinct way what happiness is.” (Nic Ethics: Bk I, Ch 7) He proceeds to present an argument (which scholars usually call his “function argument”) through which he identifies more clearly and distinctly exactly what happiness ( eudaimonia ) is. (a) What is his definition of happiness? and (b) Exactly how does his function argument lead him to this definition about happiness? 2.
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course PHIL 051 taught by Professor Russo during the Fall '08 term at GWU.

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Final Review - Historical Intro to Western Philosophy PHIL...

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