Formal Organizations - 3 Steps 1. Supervision managers...

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Formal Organizations 1. Utilitarian – pay people for their efforts; private or public (post office, comporium) 2. Normative – voluntary associations; no income; pursue a goal or ideal (political parties, church group) 3. Coercive – involuntary; guarded; supervised; meant to change the person to function in society (Prisons, asylums) Bureaucracy: rationally designed to perform tasks efficiently 1. Specialization a. Offices for each task 2. Hierarchy of offices – a. vertical ranking or Pyramid style 3. Rules & Regulations a. rational rules which allow for predictability 4. Technical Competence a. No nepotism; No one is favored even family over anyone else 5. Impersonality a. everyone receives equal treatment based on rank; not always true b. meant to allow movement up and down the levels of hierarchy 6. Formal, written documentation a. such as memos and reports Scientific Management
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Unformatted text preview: 3 Steps 1. Supervision managers watch workers; time to do job, efficiency 2. Data Analysis analyze the data to find out how to make the process more efficient 3. Guidance guidance and incentive to become more efficient Japanese Model o Uses different techniques to work o Emphasis on cooperation o Hired for life and in groups, trained in all aspects Flexible Organizational Model 1. Creative Freedom a. Less control over the final product; cannot enforce how is made, suggestions only b. So long as good work continues, 2. Competitive Work Team a. The team that provides the best work/solution is better paid and gets the work 3. A Flatter Organization a. By spreading responsibility the organization does not have the heirarchy 4. Flexibility The McDonalization of Society 1. Efficiency 2. Predictability 3. Uniformity 4. Control...
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2010 for the course SOCIOLOGY 250 taught by Professor Chacon during the Spring '09 term at Western Illinois University.

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Formal Organizations - 3 Steps 1. Supervision managers...

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