BIOL 4308 Test 2 material

BIOL 4308 Test 2 material - W ETLAND TYPES AND FUNCTIONS A....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
WETLAND TYPES AND FUNCTIONS A. Wetlands are the predominant coastal plant community. Wetland – area saturated by surface or ground water and able to support vegetation adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. 3 requirements for a wetland: 1.) Hydrology – presence of H O 2.) Vegetation – hydrolytes (species adapted to flooded habitats) 3.) Soils – hydric soils (soils that develop anaerobically in H O rich environment and are located in the upper soil profile) B. Wetland Types 1. Marsh – dominated by coastal plant species a. Coastal Marshes – tidal, salt, brackish, fresh water, and non-tidal fresh water marshes b. Inland Marshes – fresh or saline marsh types 1.) Lacustrine – associated with lakes 2.) Riverine – associated with rivers 3.) Palustrine – all other fresh water wetlands 4.) Depressional – in basins. Can be formed from glaciations or just depressions in landscape. 2. Forested Wetlands – dominated by woody vegetation a. Coastal Forested Wetlands – mangrove swamps and non-saline coastal forests b. Inland Forested Wetlands – bottomland hardwoods and cypress swamps Fall line – salt water upstream limit (no more salt in wetlands beyond this point)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 4

BIOL 4308 Test 2 material - W ETLAND TYPES AND FUNCTIONS A....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online