Air Law complete.pdf - These materials are to be used only for the purpose of individual private study and may not be reproduced in any form or medium

Air Law complete.pdf - These materials are to be used only...

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Unformatted text preview: These materials are to be used only for the purpose of individual, private study and may not be reproduced in any form or medium, copied, stored in a retrieval system, lent, hired, rented, transmitted, or adapted in whole or in part without the prior written consent of Jeppesen. Copyright in all materials bound within these covers or attached hereto, excluding that material which is used with the permission of third parties and acknowledged as such, belongs exclusively to Jeppesen. Certain copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the International Civil Aviation Organisation, the United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority, and the Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA). This book has been written and published to assist students enrolled in an approved JAA Air Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL) course in preparation for the JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge examinations. Nothing in the content of this book is to be interpreted as constituting instruction or advice relating to practical flying. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information contained within this book, neither Jeppesen nor Atlantic Flight Training gives any warranty as to its accuracy or otherwise. Students preparing for the JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge examinations should not regard this book as a substitute for the JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge training syllabus published in the current edition of “JAR-FCL 1 Flight Crew Licensing (Aeroplanes)” (the Syllabus). The Syllabus constitutes the sole authoritative definition of the subject matter to be studied in a JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge training programme. No student should prepare for, or is entitled to enter himself/herself for, the JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge examinations without first being enrolled in a training school which has been granted approval by a JAA-authorised national aviation authority to deliver JAA ATPL training. Contact Details: Sales and Service Department Jeppesen GmbH Frankfurter Strasse 233 63263 Neu-Isenburg Germany Tel: ++49 (0)6102 5070 E-mail: [email protected] For further information on products and services from Jeppesen, visit our web site at: JA310112-002 ii © Jeppesen Sanderson Inc., 2007 All Rights Reserved ISBN 0-88487-498-2 Printed in Germany Air Law (Rev Q407) PREFACE_______________________ As the world moves toward a single standard for international pilot licensing, many nations have adopted the syllabi and regulations of the “Joint Aviation Requirements-Flight Crew Licensing" (JAR-FCL), the licensing agency of the Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA). Though training and licensing requirements of individual national aviation authorities are similar in content and scope to the JAA curriculum, individuals who wish to train for JAA licences need access to study materials which have been specifically designed to meet the requirements of the JAA licensing system. The volumes in this series aim to cover the subject matter tested in the JAA ATPL ground examinations as set forth in the ATPL training syllabus, contained in the JAA publication, “JAR-FCL 1 (Aeroplanes)”. The JAA regulations specify that all those who wish to obtain a JAA ATPL must study with a flying training organisation (FTO) which has been granted approval by a JAA-authorised national aviation authority to deliver JAA ATPL training. While the formal responsibility to prepare you for both the skill tests and the ground examinations lies with the FTO, these Jeppesen manuals will provide a comprehensive and necessary background for your formal training. Jeppesen is acknowledged as the world's leading supplier of flight information services, and provides a full range of print and electronic flight information services, including navigation data, computerised flight planning, aviation software products, aviation weather services, maintenance information, and pilot training systems and supplies. Jeppesen counts among its customer base all US airlines and the majority of international airlines worldwide. It also serves the large general and business aviation markets. These manuals enable you to draw on Jeppesen’s vast experience as an acknowledged expert in the development and publication of pilot training materials. We at Jeppesen wish you success in your flying and training, and we are confident that your study of these manuals will be of great value in preparing for the JAA ATPL ground examinations. The next three pages contain a list and content description of all the volumes in the ATPL series. Air Law (Rev Q407) iii ATPL Series Meteorology (JAR Ref 050) • The Atmosphere • Wind • Thermodynamics • Clouds and Fog • Precipitation • Air Masses and Fronts • Pressure System • Climatology • Flight Hazards • Meteorological Information General Navigation (JAR Ref 061) • Basics of Navigation • Magnetism • Compasses • Charts • Dead Reckoning Navigation • In-Flight Navigation • Inertial Navigation Systems Radio Navigation (JAR Ref 062) • Radio Aids • Self-contained and External-Referenced Navigation Systems • Basic Radar Principles • Area Navigation Systems • Basic Radio Propagation Theory Airframes and Systems (JAR Ref 021 01) • Fuselage • Windows • Wings • Stabilising Surfaces • Landing Gear • Flight Controls • Hydraulics • Pneumatic Systems • Air Conditioning System • Pressurisation • De-Ice / Anti-Ice Systems • Fuel Systems Powerplant (JAR Ref 021 03) • Piston Engine • Turbine Engine • Engine Construction • Engine Systems • Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) Electrics (JAR Ref 021 02) • Direct Current • Alternating Current • Batteries • Magnetism iv • Generator / Alternator • Semiconductors • Circuits Air Law (Rev Q407) Instrumentation (JAR Ref 022) • Flight Instruments • Automatic Flight Control Systems • Warning and Recording Equipment • Powerplant and System Monitoring Instruments Principles of Flight (JAR Ref 080) • Laws and Definitions • Aerofoil Airflow • Aeroplane Airflow • Lift Coefficient • Total Drag • Ground Effect • Stall • CLMAX Augmentation • Lift Coefficient and Speed • Boundary Layer • High Speed Flight • Stability • Flying Controls • Adverse Weather Conditions • Propellers • Operating Limitations • Flight Mechanics Performance (JAR Ref 032) • Single-Engine Aeroplanes – Not certified under JAR/FAR 25 (Performance Class B) • Multi-Engine Aeroplanes – Not certified under JAR/FAR 25 (Performance Class B) • Aeroplanes certified under JAR/FAR 25 (Performance Class A) Mass and Balance (JAR Ref 031) • Definition and Terminology • Limits • Loading • Centre of Gravity Flight Planning (JAR Ref 033) • Flight Plan for Cross-Country Flights • ICAO ATC Flight Planning • IFR (Airways) Flight Planning • Jeppesen Airway Manual • Meteorological Messages • Point of Equal Time • Point of Safe Return • Medium Range Jet Transport Planning Air Law (JAR Ref 010) • International Agreements and Organisations • Annex 8 – Airworthiness of Aircraft • Annex 7 – Aircraft Nationality and Registration Marks • Annex 1 – Licensing • Rules of the Air • Procedures for Air Navigation Air Law (Rev Q407) • Air Traffic Services • Aerodromes • Facilitation • Search and Rescue • Security • Aircraft Accident Investigation • JAR-FCL • National Law v Human Performance and Limitations (JAR Ref 040) • Human Factors • Aviation Physiology and Health Maintenance • Aviation Psychology Operational Procedures (JAR Ref 070) • Operator • Air Operations Certificate • Flight Operations • Aerodrome Operating Minima • Low Visibility Operations • Special Operational Procedures and Hazards • Transoceanic and Polar Flight Communications (JAR Ref 090) • Definitions • General Operation Procedures • Relevant Weather Information • Communication Failure • VHF Propagation • Allocation of Frequencies vi • Distress and Urgency Procedures • Aerodrome Control • Approach Control • Area Control Air Law (Rev Q407) Table of Contents CHAPTER 1 Abbreviations and Definitions Section 1 - Common abbreviations used in the JAA Central Question Bank ............................................... 1-1 Section 2 - ICAO Definitions ........................................................................................................................ 1-6 CHAPTER 2 The History of Aviation Law and the Chicago Convention 1944 Background.................................................................................................................................................. 2-1 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 2-1 Safety ......................................................................................................................................................... 2-1 International Law.......................................................................................................................................... 2-1 Scheduled and Non Scheduled Air Services................................................................................................ 2-2 1919 Aeronautical Commission of the Paris Peace Conference.................................................................. 2-2 Convention of the Unification of Certain Rules to International Carriage by Air (Warsaw 1929) .................. 2-2 1944 Convention on International Civil Aviation (the Chicago Convention) ................................................. 2-3 Part I – Air Navigation .................................................................................................................................. 2-4 Part II - The International Civil Aviation Organisation................................................................................... 2-8 The Organisation ......................................................................................................................................... 2-8 The Assembly .............................................................................................................................................. 2-9 Annexes to the Convention .......................................................................................................................... 2-9 Other International Agreements made at Chicago ..................................................................................... 2-11 The International Air Transport Agreement and the International Air Services Transit Agreement ............ 2-11 The Convention of Tokyo 1963 .................................................................................................................. 2-12 The Hague Convention of 1970 ................................................................................................................. 2-13 The Montreal Convention of 1971.............................................................................................................. 2-13 Addendum to Chapter 2 ............................................................................................................................. 2-14 Chapter IX - The Council............................................................................................................................ 2-17 Chapter X - The Air Navigation Commission.............................................................................................. 2-19 CHAPTER 3 Other International and European Organisations The International Air Transport Association (IATA)...................................................................................... 3-1 The Convention of Rome 1933/1952 ........................................................................................................... 3-1 Commercial Practices and Associated Rules (Leasing)............................................................................... 3-1 Leasing of Aeroplanes between JAA Operators .......................................................................................... 3-2 Leasing of Aeroplanes Between a JAA Operator and Any Body Other Than a JAA Operator ..................... 3-2 Leasing of Aeroplanes at Short Notice......................................................................................................... 3-3 European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC) ............................................................................................... 3-3 ECAC Objectives ......................................................................................................................................... 3-3 Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA).................................................................................................................... 3-3 JAA Organisation ......................................................................................................................................... 3-3 Functions of JAA.......................................................................................................................................... 3-4 Organisation and Procedures ...................................................................................................................... 3-4 JAA/FAA Harmonisation .............................................................................................................................. 3-5 Eurocontrol................................................................................................................................................... 3-5 Air Law (Rev Q407) vii Table of Contents CHAPTER 4 Flight Crew Licensing (Aeroplanes) Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 4-1 JAR-FCL ...................................................................................................................................................... 4-1 Licensing Requirements and Regulations.................................................................................................... 4-2 Specific Requirements for Licence Issue PPL(A)......................................................................................... 4-3 ATPL(A) Experience .................................................................................................................................... 4-5 CPL(A) Experience ...................................................................................................................................... 4-5 Instructor Ratings ......................................................................................................................................... 4-6 Examiners (Aeroplane) ................................................................................................................................ 4-6 Class and Type Ratings ............................................................................................................................... 4-7 Instrument Rating (IR(A)) ............................................................................................................................. 4-8 Recent Experience....................................................................................................................................... 4-9 Curtailment of Privileges of Licence Holders Aged 60 Years or More.......................................................... 4-9 Medical Requirements ............................................................................................................................... 4-10 JAA Theoretical Knowledge Examinations for ATPL (A)............................................................................ 4-12 CHAPTER 5 Registration of Aircraft and Aircraft Markings Nationality, Common, and Registration Marks ............................................................................................. 5-1 Location of Nationality, Common, and Registration Marks........................................................................... 5-2 Registration of Aircraft.................................................................................................................................. 5-3 CHAPTER 6 Airworthiness of Aircraft Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 6-1 Certificate of Airworthiness .......................................................................................................................... 6-1 CHAPTER 7 Rules of the Air Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 7-1 General Rules .............................................................................................................................................. 7-2 Negligent or Reckless Operation of Aircraft ................................................................................................. 7-2 Minimum Heights ......................................................................................................................................... 7-2 Cruising Levels............................................................................................................................................. 7-2 Prohibited and Restricted Areas................................................................................................................... 7-2 Avoidance of Collisions ................................................................................................................................ 7-2 Simulated Instrument Flight (SIF)................................................................................................................. 7-7 Flight Plans .................................................................................................................................................. 7-7 Communications ........................................................................................................................................ 7-10 Visual Flight Rules (VFR) ........................................................................................................................... 7-12 Instrument Flight Rules .............................................................................................................................. 7-14 Rules Applicable to IFR Flights within Controlled Airspace........................................................................ 7-15 IFR Flight Levels ........................................................................................................................................ 7-15 Rules Applicable to IFR Flights Outside Controlled Airspace..................................................................... 7-15 Communications ........................................................................................................................................ 7-16 Position Reports......................................................................................................................................... 7-16 Special VFR (SVFR) .................................................................................................................................. 7-16 Cruising Levels........................................................................................................................................... 7-17 Table of Cruising Levels............................................................................................................................. 7-20 Appendix 1 to Chapter 7 ............................................................................................................................ 7-22 Signals for Use in the Event of Interception ............................................................................................... 7-22 viii Air Law (Rev Q407) Table of Contents CHAPTER 8 Signals Introduction .......
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