OB11_TIF15 - Chapter 15 Foundations of Organization...

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Chapter 15 Foundations of Organization Structure MULTIPLE CHOICE What is Organizational Structure? 1. _____ defines how job tasks are formally divided, grouped, and coordinated. a. Organizational structure b. Work specialization c. Departmentalization d. Organizational behavior (a; Easy; p. 452) 2. Organizational structure has six key elements. Which of the following is not one of these elements? a. centralization b. departmentalization c. span of authority d. formalization (c; Moderate; p. 452) 3. Work specialization is the same as: a. departmentalization. b. division of labor. c. decentralization. d. job grouping. (b; Easy; p. 452-453) 4. The degree to which tasks are subdivided into separate jobs is termed: a. departmentalization. b. decentralization. c. work specialization. d. structure. (c; Moderate; p. 452-453) 5. In the late 1940s, most manufacturing jobs in industrialized countries were being done with high: a. departmentalization. b. decentralization. c. work specialization. d. structuralization. (c; Moderate; p. 453) 86
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6. For much of the first half of the 20 th century, managers viewed _____ as an unending source of increased productivity. a. departmentalization b. formalization c. work specialization d. automation (c; Moderate; p. 454) 7. Which one of the following components of organizational structure specifically defines where decisions are made? a. complexity/simplicity b. formalization/informalization c. centralization/decentralization d. specialization/enlargement (c; Moderate; Exh 15-1; p. 453) 8. The basis by which jobs are grouped together is termed: a. departmentalization. b. bureaucracy. c. specialization. d. centralization. (a; Easy; Exh. 15-1; p. 453) 9. Grouping jobs on the basis of function, product, geography, process, or customer is a form of: a. departmentalization. b. specialization. c. centralization. d. bureaucracy. (a; Moderate; p. 454) 10. One of the most popular ways to group activities is by: a. product. b. function. c. geography. d. process. (b; Challenging; p. 454) 11. Proctor & Gamble departmentalizes by Tide, Pampers, Charmin, and Pringles. This is an example of departmentalization by: a. function. b. process. c. geography. d. product. (d; Easy; p. 455) 87
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12. A plant manager who organizes the plant by separating engineering, accounting, manufacturing, personnel, and purchasing into departments is practicing _____ departmentalization. a. target customer b. product c. functional d. geographic (c; Moderate; p. 454) 13. _____ departmentalization achieves economies of scale by placing people with common skills and orientations into common units. a. Functional b. Process c. Product d. Geographic (a; Moderate; p. 454) 14. At an Alcoa aluminum tubing plant in New York, production is organized into five departments: casting; press; tubing; finishing; and inspecting; packing; and shipping. This is a. functional departmentalization. b. process departmentalization.
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This note was uploaded on 10/13/2010 for the course ACCOUNTING 25668652 taught by Professor Ommaya during the Spring '10 term at Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College.

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OB11_TIF15 - Chapter 15 Foundations of Organization...

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