OB11_TIF05 - Chapter 5 Perception and Individual Decision...

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Chapter 5 Perception and Individual Decision Making MULTIPLE CHOICE What Is Perception and Why Is It Important? 1. A process by which individuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment is called: a. interpretation. b. environmental analysis. c. perception. d. outlook. (c; Easy; p. 134) 2. What one perceives _______ objective reality. a. is always the same as b. can be substantially different from c. should be the same as d. is considered (b; Easy; p. 134) Factors Influencing Perception 3. Which one of the following does not hold factors that influences perception? a. target b. society c. perceiver d. situation (b; Easy; p. 135) 4. If two people see the same thing at the same time yet interpret it differently, the factors that operate to shape their dissimilar perceptions reside in: a. the perceiver. b. the target being perceived. c. the timing. d. the context of the situation in which the perception is made. (a; Moderate; p. 134-135) 5. Factors in the individual perceiver include all of the following except : a. attitudes. b. motives. c. expectations. d. location. (d; Moderate; Exh. 5-1; p. 135) 90
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6. A person’s perception appears to be influenced by: a. interests. b. experiences. c. expectations. d. all of the above (d; Moderate; p. 124) 7. Which of the following is not true about our perceptions of a target? a. Objects that are close together will be perceived together rather than separately. b. Persons that are similar to each other tend to be grouped together. c. Targets are usually looked at in isolation. d. Motion, sounds, size, and other attributes of a target shape the way we see it. (c; Moderate; p. 135) 8. The time at which an object or event is seen is an example of a _____ factor influencing the perceptual process. a. perceiver b. target c. situation d. reality (c; Moderate; p. 135) Person Perception: Making Judgments About Others 9. The theory that has been proposed to develop explanations to explain that we judge people differently depending on what meaning we assign to their behavior is: a. behavioral theory. b. judgmental theory. c. equity theory. d. attribution theory. (d; Moderate; p. 136) 10. The most relevant application of perception concepts to OB is: a. person perception. b. context perception. c. situation perception. d. reality perception. (a; Challenging; p. 136) 11. When individuals observe behavior, they attempt to determine whether it is internally or externally caused. This is the: a. Pygmalion effect. b. projection theory. c. attribution theory. d. selective perception theory. (c; Moderate; p. 136) 91
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12. Attribution theory includes all of the following factors except : a. distinctiveness. b. consensus.
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OB11_TIF05 - Chapter 5 Perception and Individual Decision...

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