govt 2301 ch 2 review

govt 2301 ch 2 review - & The First Founding: Interests and...

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&&&& The First Founding: Interests and Conflicts The decision of the framers to break away from England was due in large part to the nature of colonial society and the pressures placed on it by England. American colonial society was divided into several competing interests. British tax and trade policy radicalized elements of these groups and set into motion a chain of events that led to the American Revolution. I. What conflicts are apparent and what interests prevailed during the American Revolution and the drafting of the Articles of Confederation? Many, including George Washington, doubted that the Constitution would last more than twenty years. The Constitution has survived and it should be viewed as a document that was produced out of self-interest and high principle. The final product was the result of heated debate and compromise over the size, makeup, and scope of the new national government that the framers hoped would be an effective government. Five sectors of society had interests that were important in colonial politics: The New England merchants The southern planters The Royalists Shopkeepers, artisans, and laborers Small farmers The New England merchants, southern planters, and royalists made up the colonial elite and generally cooperated during the colonial period. However, changes in tax and trade policies split the colonial elite, and the merchants and planters joined forces with their former opposition to organize demonstrations and boycotts of British goods, setting into motion the chain of events leading to the Revolution. Radicals like Samuel Adams began calling for independence from what they saw as tyranny. After much debate and numerous attempts at reconciliation, the colonies declared
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their independence on July 4, 1776. The Second Founding: From Compromise to Constitution I. Why were the Articles of Confederation unable to hold the nation together? In November of 1777, the Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation—the United States’ first written constitution. The Articles of Confederation provided for strong state governments and a very weak, almost nonexistent federal government. Each state retained its “sovereignty, freedom and independence.” The Articles gave Congress little power; there was no Executive branch (the states were to carry out the laws); finally, Congress could not raise taxes or regulate interstate commerce. The weakness of the national government under the Articles of Confederation prevented the new government from resolving or assisting in the political and economic strife that dominated American politics after independence. A meeting was held in Annapolis in 1786 to discuss amending the Articles, but
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This note was uploaded on 10/13/2010 for the course GOV 4w004 taught by Professor Lolly during the Fall '10 term at Lone Star College System.

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govt 2301 ch 2 review - & The First Founding: Interests and...

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