Ch_07 Lecture - Key Questions: How did republicanism...

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Key Questions: How did republicanism influence the political philosophy of the new state constitutions? What were the internal problems in the United States under the Articles of Confederation? How did Britain and Spain exploit the weaknesses of the United States after the Revolution? What influenced the movement for stronger national government? What characterized the drafting and ratification of the United States Constitution?
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The New Order of Republicanism Defining the People The central tenet of republicanism was the people were sovereign. Republicanism also suggested that political rights should be limited to those who owned property because economic self-sufficiency was considered necessary for informed political judgment. Republicanism limited political participation to propertied adult white men, approximately 60–85 percent of all adult white men.
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The New Order of Republicanism, cont’d. Defining the People, cont’d. The traditional patriarchal assumptions that politics was a male domain did not change. Women were considered a dependent class. Though some women protested their status, only New Jersey extended the suffrage to women and that was rescinded in 1807. Women did benefit from slightly less restrictive divorce laws, somewhat greater access to education and business, and a higher moral status.
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The New Order of Republicanism, cont’d. Defining the People, cont’d. The Revolution stimulated the growth of free black communities and the development of African American culture. One in ten African Americans in slavery gained their freedom. Most northern states gradually abolished slavery but African Americans struggled against racial prejudice.
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The New Order of Republicanism, cont’d. Defining the People, cont’d. Most Native Americans stayed neutral during the Revolution but sought to free themselves from American domination. Territorial demands on the Native Americans escalated. To combat the growing pressure of white Americans, Native Americans forged new alliances. In the 1780s, imperial rivalries continued to allow Native Americans to play the United States and European colonial powers off against each other.
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The New Order of Republicanism, cont’d. State Constitutions
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Ch_07 Lecture - Key Questions: How did republicanism...

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