PersonalityDisorders

PersonalityDisorders - 0. 1. 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 2. 3. 6....

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Abnormal Psychology Personality Disorders 0. Personality Disorders refer to long-standing, pervasive and inflexible patterns of behavior 0. Depart from cultural expectations 1. Impair social and occupational functioning 2. Cause emotional distress 1. Personality disorders are coded on Axis II of the DSM 3. Personality disorders can be a co-morbid condition for an Axis I disorder Personality Disorder Clusters 0. Personality disorders fall into three general clusters: 0. Persons in cluster A seem odd or eccentric 0. Paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal 1. Persons in cluster B seem dramatic, emotional or erratic 1. Antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic 2. Persons in cluster C appear as anxious or fearful 2. Avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive Odd/Eccentric Cluster 1. Paranoid personality disorder (PD) involves suspicion of others, hostility, jealousy 3. No hallucinations and no full-blown delusions are present in paranoid PD 2. Paranoid PD occurs more frequently in men than in women 3. Lifetime prevalence is about 1 percent Odd/Eccentric Cluster 4. Schizoid personality disorder (PD) involves 4. Reduced social relations and few friends 5. Reduced sexual desire and few pleasurable activities 6. Indifference to praise or criticism 7. Lonely life style 5. Prevalence of schizoid PD is less than 1 percent and occurs more commonly in men than women Odd/Eccentric Cluster 2. Schizotypal personality disorder (PD) involves 4. An attenuated form of schizophrenia 0. Odd beliefs and magical thinking 1. Recurrent illusions (things not present) 2. Ideas of reference (hidden meaning) 3. Behavior and appearance is eccentric 3. Prevalence of schizotypal PD is about 3 percent and occurs slightly more commonly in men than women Etiology of the Odd/Eccentric Cluster 6. These disorders are linked to schizophrenia and may represent a less severe form of the disorder
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8. Schizophrenia has clear genetic determinants 9. Family studies reveal that relatives of schizophrenic patients are at increased risk for developing schizotypal PD as well as paranoid PD 3. No clear pattern for schizoid PD Dramatic/Erratic Cluster 4. Borderline personality disorder (PD) involves 5. Impulsivity (gambling, spending, sexual sprees) 6. Instability in relationships, mood and self-image 7. Borderline PD persons are argumentative and difficult to live with 5. Prevalence of Borderline PD is about 1-2 percent and occurs more commonly in women than men Dramatic/Erratic Cluster 6. Histrionic personality disorder (PD) involves 8. People who are overly dramatic and attention seeking 9. People who exhibit emotional displays but are emotionally shallow 10.People who are self-centered and overly concerned about physical attractiveness 7. Prevalence of histrionic PD is about 2-3 percent and occurs slightly more commonly in women than men Dramatic/Erratic Cluster 8. Narcissistic personality disorder (PD) involves 11.A grandiose view of the person’s own importance 12.A strong sense of entitlement 13.A lack of empathy for others
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PersonalityDisorders - 0. 1. 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 2. 3. 6....

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