Actions___Reality_Therapy___Glasser - BETA ACTIONS Focus is...

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OVERVIEW OF ACTIONS Seligman, Chapter 19 2/10/2005 Reality Theory 2 BE T A : ACTIONS Focus is on modifying behaviors – Behaviors are overt & observable – Have great an impact on the direction of our lives – Although background, emotions, & thoughts may underlie behaviors, the actions clients take are most likely to determine the direction of their lives, & their relationships 2/10/2005 Reality Theory 3 ADVANTAGES • Presenting problems often focus on behaviors –It is generally a client’s observable behaviors that lead to a referral for treatment –Clients feel heard if behaviors are addressed 2/10/2005 Reality Theory 4 ADVANTAGES, cont. Behaviors more accessible – More easily remembered by client Discussion of behavior less threatening Discussion of behavior socially acceptable – Gives more accurate information about behaviors – Helps in formulating goals & treatment plan 2/10/2005 Reality Theory 5 ADVANTAGES, cont. Behavior readily amenable to measurement & change – Client can easily assess change in variables – Good evidence of improvement – Lack of change can lead to reformulation of treatment plans Broad range of behavior change strategies Extensive research support 2/10/2005 Reality Theory 6 LIMITATIONS • Can lead to ignoring thoughts & feelings –Conduct comprehensive assessment –Closely monitor progress –Behavior counseling should usually not be used alone
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2/10/2005 Reality Theory 7 PLANNING & IMPLEMENTING BEHAVIOR CHANGE Describe the behavior Establish a baseline – Measure the behavior by frequency & severity – Record the measurement of change Establish goals – Clear, specific, measurable, achievable – Logical outgrowths of baseline information – Both have record of goals set – Both agree that client can accomplish goals 2/10/2005 Reality Theory 8 BEHAVIOR CHANGE, cont. Develop strategies –Appropriate for client & client’s goal Skill development & education Impulse control training 2/10/2005 Reality Theory 9 BEHAVIOR CHANGE, cont. • Reinforcement – Both positive and negative behavior are increased by following it with reward – Types of rewards • Social • Intrinsic • Extrinsic – More motivating when identified in advance & made contingent on client’s performance – Delivery of rewards • Regular • Intermittent 2/10/2005 Reality Theory 10 BEHAVIOR CHANGE, cont. Reinforcement, continued – Rewards generally more effective than punishments Punishments can give powerful & immediate message • Time-outs – Natural consequences grow logically out of the undesirable behavior • Planning – Helps client specify how & when he will modify his behaviors – Enables client to anticipate & overcome obstacles 2/10/2005 Reality Theory 11 BEHAVIOR CHANGE, cont.
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