notes for freud-erikson stages ppt

notes for freud-erikson stages ppt - 1 Text, p. 58+ Erik...

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1 Text, p. 58+ Erik Erikson built on Freud’s ideas & extended his theory by stressing the psychosocial aspects of development beyond early childhood. His theory of development holds that psychosexual growth & psychosocial growth take place together, and that at each stage of life we face the task He describes development in terms of the entire life span, divided by specific crises to be resolved. A crisis is a turning point in life, when we have the potential to move forward or to regress. At these turning points we can either resolve our conflicts or fail to master the developmental task. To a large extent, our life is the result of the choices we make at these stages. 2 Text, p. 5860 – 106; chart, HANDOUT Erikson brought an emphasis on social factors to contemporary psycho-analysis. Classical psychoanalysis is based on id or drive psychology , & holds that instincts & intrapsychic conflicts are what shape the personality. More recent thinking tends to be based on ego psychology , which additionally emphasizes the striving of the ego for mastery and competence throughout the human life span.Erikson’s focus is on the ego, which offers ways of dealing with life’s tasks throughout the life cycle. Freud: Oral Stage : First year of life (refer to HANDOUT chart). During this time, as the mouth & lips are sensitive erogenous zones, sucking produces erotic pleasure. Orality is the chief method of relating to the external world. The first mode of approach in the oral erogenous zone is incorporation: that is, to “take in” in a dependent fashion what is offered by the mother. Other modes include spitting out (expelling), a closing up of the lips (retention) & biting (oral aggression). Oral-incorporative behavior: Involves pleasurable stimulation of the mouth. Adults who exhibit excessive oral needs (excessive eating, chewing, talking, smoking, drinking) may have an oral fixation, based on deprivation of oral gratification during infancy; greediness & acquisitiveness-- Oral-aggressive or -sadistic behavior: Adult characteristics such as sarcasm, hostility, Erikson: Trust vs Mistrust : An infant’s basic task is to develop a sense of trust in self, others, & the world, learned by being caressed & cared for. If the significant others in an infant’s life provide the necessary love, the infant develops a sense of trust; when love is absent, the result is a general mistrust of others. 3
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This note was uploaded on 10/13/2010 for the course CNE 564 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Sam Houston State University.

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notes for freud-erikson stages ppt - 1 Text, p. 58+ Erik...

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