Cognitive_Behavior_Theory___Beck___Ellis

Cognitive_Behavior_Theory___Beck___Ellis - BETA: THOUGHTS...

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1 OVERVIEW OF THOUGHTS Seligman, Chapter 15 2/10/2005 Cognitive Behavioral Therapies 2 BE T A: THOUGHTS • View that thoughts and cognitions are the primary avenue to change • Belief that thoughts lead to • Through awareness & modification of thoughts, clients can effect significant changes in their 2/10/2005 Cognitive Behavioral Therapies 3 THOUGHTS, continued •Two major systems of cognitive treatment –Aaron Beck – Cognitive Therapy –Albert Ellis – Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) 2/10/2005 Cognitive Behavioral Therapies 4 THOUGHTS, continued • Focus on thoughts makes counseling more comfortable for those not used to sharing their emotions –Some±men – Many older people – People from cultural backgrounds who view expression of emotions to stranger as inappropriate or conflicting with their self-images AARON BECK COGNITIVE THERAPY (Seligman, Chapter 16) 2/10/2005 Cognitive Behavioral Therapies 6 COGNITIVE THERAPY •One of the major approaches to counseling •Established by Albert Ellis, & “popularized” by Aaron Beck & assoc.
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2 2/10/2005 Cognitive Behavioral Therapies 7 COGNITIVE THERAPY, cont • Phenomenological model • Focuses on meaning that people give a situation through the way they think about it – Views thoughts as primary determinant of both – Basic material of treatment is client’s transient automatic thoughts & his deeply ingrained & – Interventions help client test & modify his cognitions, & replace them with those that are 2/10/2005 Cognitive Behavioral Therapies 8 AARON BECK • Born 1921 to Russian Jewish immigrants in New England • Loss of two children in infancy contributed to mother’s emotional difficulties • Beck himself was often ill – Forcing him to repeat a grade – Contributing to anxieties and phobias in childhood • Graduated from Brown University & Yale Medical School in psychiatry • Work at U of Pennsylvania Med School led him to develop Cognitive Therapy • Established Beck Institute for Cognitive 2/10/2005 Cognitive Behavioral Therapies 9 DEVELOPMENT OF CT •Roots – Albert Ellis – Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy in 1950’s •Saw thoughts as the route to changing •But system became associated with Ellis’ abrasive style & didn’t become well used 2/10/2005 Cognitive Behavioral Therapies 10 DEVELOPMENT OF CT, cont • Roots, continued – Aaron Beck – Cognitive Therapy •Rejected psychoanalysis •Influenced by Alfred Adler & Karen Horney •Developed a structured, short-term, present-oriented, problem-solving approach to treatment of depression –Showed that CT was considerably more effective in treating depression than antidepressant medication •Acknowledged strong debt to Ellis’ work 2/10/2005 Cognitive Behavioral Therapies 11 DEVELOPMENT OF CT, cont
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This note was uploaded on 10/13/2010 for the course CNE 564 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Sam Houston State University.

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Cognitive_Behavior_Theory___Beck___Ellis - BETA: THOUGHTS...

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