Course_Intro__1_2_ - OVERVIEW OF Systems Strategies and...

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OVERVIEW OF Systems, Strategies, and Skills of Seligman, Chapter 1
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Development of Systems of Counseling Little understanding of emotional/mental disorders until late 1800’s First force of psychotherapy Psychodynamic approaches, spearheaded by Viewing past as source of present difficulties Emphasizing unconscious processes Long-term treatment
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Development of Systems of Counseling, continued Second force: Cognitive & behavioral theories and interventions Ellis, Beck, Glasser, Meichenbaum Behavioral approaches from 1970’s integtrated into cognitive approaches in 1980’s Cognitive-Behavioral approaches in 1990’s Interventions focus on the present Seek to minimize dysfunctional cognitions & behaviors & replace them with more helpful & positive thoughts & actions
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Development of Systems of Counseling, continued Third force: Existential-humanistic psychotherapy developed by Rogers in 1960’s Importance of people directing & finding meaning in their own lives
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Development of Systems of Counseling, continued Fourth force: Integration of counseling approaches Emerging in late 1990’s Elements of previous forces are integrated as part of a comprehensive & holistic effort to understand clients as fully as possible Social constructivism
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Ingredients in Positive Change Successful treatments include I-thou therapeutic relationship Safe, supportive, healing environment Shared understanding about nature of problem(s) & procedures used to resolve them Therapeutic learning Improvements in clients’ ability to identify, express, & modify their emotions/thoughts/behavior Successful treatment is reflected in attitudinal shifts
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Current Research 40% change due to extratherapeutic factors Internal resources of the client Events in client’s life 30% change due to therapist-client relationship 15% change due to particular interventions 15% change due to client’s hope & expectations of positive change
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Holistic Model for Optimal Spirituality Self-regulation Work Friendship Love
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OVERVIEW OF CONTEXTS OF EFFECTIVE TREATMENT Chapter 2
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Client Characteristics Both personal qualities & backgrounds of clients help determine success of treatment Counselors can maximize positive influence of these factors By being aware of factors likely to correlate with therapeutic outcome By getting to know the client as an individual & viewing the world thru the client’s eyes By taking steps to instill or develop in clients those qualities that are typically associated with a positive therapeutic outcome: Role induction
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Client Characteristics, cont. Clients who succeed in treatment
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This note was uploaded on 10/13/2010 for the course CNE 564 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Sam Houston State University.

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Course_Intro__1_2_ - OVERVIEW OF Systems Strategies and...

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