{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

notes for psychoanalysis.ppt (ch 3)

notes for psychoanalysis.ppt (ch 3) - 2 These next theories...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Belief that unless treatment facilitates healing of past wounds & relieves developmental blocks, people will continue to repeat dysfunctional patterns These theories emphasize the impact of the past on the present Clinicians should have some understanding of clients’ backgrounds to make accurate diagnoses 3 Therefore, it is important to take a careful history early in treatment to develop an effective treatment plan. In our post-modern era of counseling and psychotherapy, emphasis is placed on understanding people from a holistic point of view, and from their perspective Careful questioning can elicit valuable historical information to that end. Included in your text on pages 38 – 47 are examples of good questioning, and how to conduct an intake interview. 4 Psychoanalysis is a system of psychology derived from the discoveries of Sigmund Freud. Originating as a method for treating psychoneurotic disorders, psychoanalysis has come to serve as the foundation for a general theory of psychology. Knowledge derived from the treatment of individual patients has led to insights into art, religion, social organization, child development, and education. In addition, by elucidating the influence of unconscious wishes on the physiology of the body, psychoanalysis has made it possible to understand and treat many psychosomatic illnesses. According to Ernst Kris, psychoanalysis may be defined as human nature seen from the vantage point of conflict. Psychoanalysis views the mind as the expression of conflicting forces, some of which are conscious. Others, perhaps the major ones, are unconscious. Psychoanalysis emphasizes the importance of unconscious forces in mental life. 5 From your text, p. 91 Family: Firstborn in a Viennese family of 3 boys and 5 girls. Father was very authoritarian, common in that culture. Limited finances, but sent Freud to best schools. As a Jew at that time, his choices were limited. Settled on medicine, became a physician, and then a noted lecturer at the University of Vienna by age 30. His family background is a factor to consider in understanding the development of his theory. Devoted the rest of his life to formulating and extending his theory of psychoanalysis, that began with his interest in a perplexing case of his friend Joseph Breuer, the case of Anna O., a classical hysteric. The most creative phase of his life corresponded to a period when he was experiencing severe emotional problems of his own. When he was in his early 40’s, he had numerous psychosomatic disorders, as well as exaggerated fears of dying and other phobias. During this time he was involved in the difficult task of self-analysis. By exploring the meaning of his own dreams, he gained insights into the dynamics of personality development. He first examined his childhood memories and came to realize the intense hostility that he had felt for his father. He
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 6

notes for psychoanalysis.ppt (ch 3) - 2 These next theories...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon bookmark
Ask a homework question - tutors are online