Psychoanalysis - OVERVIEW OF BACKGROUND & CONTEXT Chapter 3...

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OVERVIEW OF B Chapter 3
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10/14/10 PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIES 2 Chapter Focus Emphasis on understanding and working through unresolved problems & issues in client’s past These theories emphasize impact of the past on the present Clinicians should have some understanding of clients’ backgrounds to make accurate diagnoses & plan successful treatments
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10/14/10 PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIES 3 Use of Past Experiences, cont. Take careful history to develop effective treatment plan In post-modern era, emphasis is placed on understanding people from a holistic point of view Careful questioning can elicit valuable historical information
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SIGMUND FREUD AND PSYCHOANALYSIS Chapter 4
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10/14/10 PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIES 5 Psychoanalysis Founder: Sigmund Freud 1856-1939 Father of Psychoanalysis Foundation of Psychotherapy as We Know It
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10/14/10 PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIES 6 Freud’s Psychoanalytic System Model of personality development Philosophy of human nature Method of psychotherapy
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10/14/10 PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIES 7 Freud’s System, cont. Psychodynamic factors that motivate behavior Role of the unconscious First therapeutic procedures for understanding & modifying personality
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10/14/10 PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIES 8 Sigmund Freud Psychoanalysis Carl Jung Analytical Psychology Alfred Adler Individual Psychology Erik Erikson Ego Psychology Psychoanalytic Theory KEY FIGURES IN THE FOUNDING OF PSYCHODYNAMIC PSYCHOTHERAPY
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10/14/10 PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIES 9 Evolution of Psychoanalytic Theory Drive or Instinct Sigmund Freud Anna Freud Ego Psychology Erik Erikson Karen Horney Object Relations Margaret Mahler Melanie Klein J. Masterson Self Psychology Heinz Kohut Donald Winnicott
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10/14/10 PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIES 10 Theoretical Concepts Comprehensive theory of personality Emphasis on influence of biology & early childhood experiences Predictable stages of psychosexual development Struggle for balance between strong sexual drives & need to behave in socially acceptable ways Importance of context
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10/14/10 PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIES 11 Theoretical Concepts, cont. Theory of determinism Criticism of Freud, but he believed: People need not be victims of biology People can use psychotherapy, etc., to gain insight, lessen power of unconscious, & free selves to make conscious, healthy choices
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10/14/10 PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIES 12 Personality Structure:
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This note was uploaded on 10/13/2010 for the course CNE 564 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Sam Houston State University.

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Psychoanalysis - OVERVIEW OF BACKGROUND & CONTEXT Chapter 3...

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