Notes for Quiz 1

Notes for Quiz 1 - I. The Religion of the Vedic Age...

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-1 I. The Religion of the Vedic Age Pre-Aryan India Proto-Australoids: aboriginal tribes with Stone Age cultures who still survive in central Indian jungles Dravidians: A major racial and linguistic family of dark-skinned non-Aryan peoples most numerous in South India; whether they are descendents of the Indus Valley culture is uncertain. 1800-1500 BCE: The Indo-Aryans from northwest India invaded and established population there. The disappearance of the Indus civilization was probably more to increasing aridity of the climate than to the invasion if Indo-Aryan tribes. Dasas (Dasyus): dark-skinned indigenous inhabitants of northwest India subdued by invading Aryans; the Dasas were probably survivors from the Indus Valley culture and kindred peoples of the Punjab. Karma: “deeds” “works”, the principle of inexorable cause and effect. Shiva: (depicted with) a trident headpiece over a frontal human face flanked by two side faces. The Coming of the Indo-Aryans Aryans (Indo-Europeans): semi-nomadic peoples who migrated from eastern Europe and central Asia westward to become the ancestors of the Greeks, Romans, Celts, and Teutons, and eastward to Persia and India (ca. 1500 BCE); their Sanskrit culture infuses the dominant tradition in India today. -began to be less pastoral and more agricultural. Brought cows, horses, sheep, goats, and dogs to India. Ancient diet of milk and meat. Made the stimulating liquid called soma, squeezed from an unknown stalk, which they drank during lengthy rituals after it was mixed with milk. Offered libations of this drink to their gods when they sacrificed. The Ramayana and the Mahabharata: Hindu epics that told the stories of the intertribal clashed between the Aryans and the Dasas. Aryan Social Structure: Each tribe had its own chieftain, known as a rajah . Office was hereditary. -distinguished by large retinue, a palace, and glittering apparel -maintained a private army for the protection of his people but also gathered priests to secure divine blessing on his subjects and the gods’ approval of his own acts. The father or
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Notes for Quiz 1 - I. The Religion of the Vedic Age...

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