CODE OF FAIR TESTING PRACTICES IN EDUCATION
PREPARED BY THE JOINT COMMITTEE ON TESTING PRACTICES
The Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education states the major
obligations to test takers of professionals who develop or use
The Code is meant to apply broadly to the use of
tests in education (admissions, educational assessment, educational
diagnosis, and student placement).
The Code is not designed to cover
employment testing, licensure or certification testing, or other types
Although the Code has relevance to many types of
educational tests, it is directed primarily at professionally developed
tests such as those sold by commercial test publishers or used in
formally administered testing programs.
The Code is not intended to
cover tests made by individual teachers for use in their own classrooms.
The Code addresses the roles of test developers and test users
Test users are people who select tests, commission test
development services, or make decisions on the basis of test scores.
Test developers are people who actually construct tests as well as those
who set policies for particular testing programs.
The roles may, of
course, overlap as when a state education agency commissions test
development services, sets policies that control the test development
process, and makes decisions on the basis of the test scores.
The Code has been developed by the Joint Committee on Testing Practices,
a cooperative effort of several professional organizations, that has as
its aim the advancement, in the public interest, of the quality of
The Joint Committee was initiated by the American
Educational Research Association, the American Psychological
Association, and the National Council on Measurement in Education.
addition to these three groups the American Association for Counseling
and Development/Association for Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling
and Development, and the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
are now also sponsors of the Joint Committee.
This is not copyrighted material.
Reproduction and dissemination are
Please cite this document as follows:
Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education. (1988)
Washington, D.C.: Joint Committee on Testing Practices.
(Mailing Address: Joint Committee on Testing Practices,
American Psychological Association, 1200 17th Street, NW,
Washington, D.C. 20036.)
The Code presents standards for educational test developers and users in
Striving for Fairness
Informing Test Takers
Organizations, institutions, and individual professionals who endorse
the Code commit themselves to safeguarding the rights of test takers by
following the principles listed.
The Code is intended to be consistent
with the relevant parts of the Standards for Educational and
Psychological Testing (AERA, APA, NCME, 1985).
However, the Code