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Weekend 2.2 Motivation

Weekend 2.2 Motivation - Strategies for Motivating...

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Strategies for Motivating Performance Management of Organizations MGMT523
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Agenda for this afternoon Motivation basic concepts  Various theories Expectancy Theory & “The Folly” Equity and Procedural justice theories Goal Setting Theory Redesigning jobs to be motivational When a New Manager Stumbles  Quiz
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Resilience on the Road to Success FAILURE EXPERIENCE                              AGE   Failed  in business 22 Defeated for legislature 23 Again failed in business 24 Elected to legislature 25 Girlfriend died 26 Had a nervous breakdown 27 Defeated for Speaker 29 Defeated for Electoral College 31 Defeated for Congress 34 Elected to Congress 37 Defeated for Congress 39 Defeated for Senate 46 Defeated for Vice President 47 Defeated for Senate 49 …………………. 51
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Motivation defined Willingness to exert high levels of effort toward a goal Motivated behavior consists of: Initiation - arousal, getting started Direction - focus (task, org. goals, personal goals) Intensity - level of effort Persistence - in face of failure & setbacks Intrinsic versus extrinsic sources of motivation Intrinsic - person, task, person-task interaction
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Perspectives on motivation Self motivation Motivation(s) of other people   - diagnostics (understanding others)  - leadership (helping to shape their motivation) Motivation systems and schemes    - pay  - performance management - culture - design of work - recognition systems
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Self motivation Beliefs - implicit theories of ability  - implicit theories about the world (risk, malleability, etc) Values=   preferences for courses of action and outcomes - many different frameworks (e.g. cultural) - determine what is rewarding (emotional responses) Identity=  future-oriented conceptions of the self   - responses to “how do I want people to see me?” - self-defining goals
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Motivational strategies The Big 4  (most consistent significant effects)  1. Clear expectations (goals) and feedback 2. Recognition 3. Contingent rewards that are valued 4. Identity  The Little 3  (less consistent, smaller effects) 5. Participation 6. Job enrichment  7. Punishment Culture = some combination of  1 to 7 
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Five perspectives on motivation Clear expectations and goals  Goal Setting Theory Expectancy Theory Recognition Equity theory Culture Justice theories Job enrichment Job characteristics theory
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Goal-setting Theory Goals affect direction, strength and  persistence of effort
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