Chapter 10 - Chapter 10: ORGANIZING STRUCTURES AND DESIGNS...

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ORGANIZING STRUCTURES AND DESIGNS CHAPTER 10 OVERVIEW Organizing is the process of arranging people and other resources to work together to accomplish a goal. It involves dividing up the work to be done (division of labor) and coordinating results to achieve a common purpose. This chapter introduces students to the fundamentals of organizing, including the alternative structural forms employed by modern organizations. The chapter begins by discussing organizing and its importance to the other management functions, before proceeding to the topic of structure. The concepts of formal structures and informal structures are examined. Next, the chapter explores the major traditional means of structural organization –– including functional, divisional, and matrix structures. Recent developments in organization structures are then examined. These recent structural developments include team structures, network structures, and boundaryless organizations. The chapter concludes with a discussion of organizing trends in the contemporary workplace, including fewer layers of management, more delegation and empowerment, decentralization with centralization, and reduced use of staff. CHAPTER 10 STUDY QUESTIONS SUMMARY Study Question 1: What is organizing as a management function? Organizing is the process of arranging people and resources to work toward a common goal. Organizing decisions divide up the work that needs to be done, allocate people and resources to do it, and coordinate results to achieve productivity. Structure is the system of tasks, reporting relationships, and communication that links people and positions within an organization. The formal structure, such as shown on an organization chart, describes how an organization is supposed to work. The informal structure of an organization consists of the unofficial relationships that develop among members. Study Question 2: What are the traditional organization structures?
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Chapter 10 - Chapter 10: ORGANIZING STRUCTURES AND DESIGNS...

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