CJ Test one study guide

CJ Test one study guide - CJ Soc 003 Test 1 Deviancy things...

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CJ Soc 003 Test 1 Deviancy – things that are immoral or anti-social but not a criminal action, violating social norms Delinquency – falls in middle ground between morality and criminal, someone under age commits a delinquent action Crime – behaviors deemed so harmful to public welfare that it should be banned by criminal law Legitimacy – gap between what the books say and what people think about the laws Deviance versus crime; law versus morality: crime is behavior and action (and, less often, inaction) prohibited by the criminal law and resulting in criminal (penal) sanctions (punishment). Crime is in the eye of the beholder ex) terrorism. Majority of time actions not inactions People of different generations think their crime is worse then others Public opinion has conflicting views and seriousness and frequency of crime Violent crime is common but distorted by media Perpetrators are often distortion in their appearance ex) sex, race, etc. Crime information is open to manipulation. Violent crime is looked at more often then white collar crime Costs to society are private (home security/alarm system) and public (policing) Media tends focus on violent crime (if it bleeds it leads) 1990’s republicans and democrats had a “get touch approach” to crime Get tough emphasizes the need to arrest and punish rather then rehab the offenders, criminal likely to repeat. Some negative consequences are financial costs, costs in racial equality, urban destabilization. Conflicting views on whether toughness is a good or bad approach Free will and choice – crime is choice and product of free will, widely believed by public and emphasized by politicians Rational choice theory emphasizes idea that choice is made knowingly and thoughtfully relative to other choices Routine activities theory (version of rational choice) - 1. motivated offenders, 2. desirable targets, 3. lack of protection or witnesses. Biological/developmental/childhood influences can and often do shape/reshape an entire life Biological problems that can lead to crime include hormones (testosterone and PMS), fetal/birth defects Psychological problems that can lead to crime include lack of discipline/socialization, mental illness, personality problems NZ study – early indications suggest children’s personality problems do help predict future offending.
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Sociological theories use environmental not individual (choice or nature) explanations, more structural/systematic Social ecology – importance of place, neighborhood characteristics Blocked opportunity and anomie o the core idea is relative deprivation (one not being able to reach American dream leading to seeking illegitimate opportunities) o anomie - Disregard of law, lawlessness o Merton’s anomie (failure to become successful through hard work) theory – builds on blocked opportunity five responses are likely: a) conform (dream the impossible dream;
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This note was uploaded on 10/20/2010 for the course SOC 003 taught by Professor Franbuntman during the Fall '06 term at GWU.

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CJ Test one study guide - CJ Soc 003 Test 1 Deviancy things...

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