Introduction to Drugs and Pharmacy-outline

Introduction to Drugs and Pharmacy-outline - PHCY6100...

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PHCY 6100 Teixeira Introduction to Drugs and Pharmacy 1. DRUG (medicinal agent) & DISEASES 2. The heritage of Pharmacy: a. Pharmacist or Apothecary (wiseman, priest, magician:) preparation and dispensing of drugs 3. History of Drug Therapy: a. Ebers papyrus: egyptians; 16th century B.C., 700 different drugs (botanic, animal, mineral). b. Hippocrates, Dioscorides, Galen: greek; Ethics, pharmaceutical botany, galenic pharmacy. c. Paracelsus: swiss; Specific drug to specific disease (chemical pharmacy). d. 18th 19th century: swedish, german, french pharmacists (Scheele, Sertürner, Pelletier, Robiquet); Scientific research. e. In USA: indigenous drugs used by american indians; before 19th century all drugs were imported from Europe then later American pharmacists get scientific and technologic expertise from Europe. 4. Drug Standards: need for uniform standard to ensure quality of drug products a. Contemporary official compendia = The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) & the National Formulary (NF) b. 1st Pharmacopeia, 1580: Bergamo (Italy) c. 1st USP, 1820: prepared by physicians only; in English and Latin (international language of medicine) d. USP33/NF28: is an official public standards setting authority for all prescription and over the counter medicines and other health care products manufactured or sold in the United States. USP also sets widely recognized standards for food ingredients and dietary
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