This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING School of Pharmacy COURSE SYLLABUS
PHCY 6106 – PHARMACEUTICAL CALCULATIONS
Instructor: M. Glaucia Teixeira [Tesh-áir-ah], PhD - Assoc. Professor of Pharmaceutics
Phone: (307) 766-2690
Office: Health Sciences Bldg., Pharmacy, Rm.390
Office Hours: M, T, W, TR, 10-11:00 AM. Other times, check if I am available, or
email/leave voice message for an appointment.
Prerequisites: MATH 1000 or 1400 or Level 4 on Math placement exam (within 2 years
prior to start of course)
Course Description: This course emphasizes aspects of basic mathematics and logical
skills needed to perform pharmaceutical and clinical calculations. Quantitative
reasoning is reassessed through a variety of topics chosen for their applicability and
need in a pharmaceutical care setting.
Disability Statement: Students, who have a physical, learning, or psychological disability
and require accommodations, should let the instructor know as soon as possible.
Students also must register with, and provide documentation of disability to the
University Disability Support Services (UDSS), Rm. 330, Knight Hall, so accommodations
Review basic mathematics and logical skills needed to perform pharmaceutical and
Upon completing the course, the student should be able to:
1. Master some fundamentals of measurement and calculation: ratio, proportion,
dimensional analysis, percentage of error, measurements of weight and volume,
2. Understand the different systems of measurement used in the United States,
practice with the Metric system and intersystem conversions.
3. Interpret a prescription or medication order including medical abbreviations and
understand medication scheduling and patient compliance.
4. Perform general calculations of doses, including special dosing for the pediatric and
elderly patient, drug dosage based on body weight and body surface area; use of
Nomograms for calculation of BSA.
5. Reduce and enlarge formulas; perform calculations with “parts”.
6. Solve problems involving percentage (w/v, v/v, w/w) and ratio strength.
7. Solve problems related to concentrating or diluting a liquid or solid medication,
stock solutions, and the use of specific gravity on pharmaceutical calculations.
Syllabus- PHCY 6106- Teixeira –2010 1 UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING School of Pharmacy 8. Perform isotonicity calculations and other computations related to the preparation
of ophthalmics, nasal solutions and enemas.
9. Operate basic calculations necessary to the preparation and dilution of injectables.
10. Perform calculations using Milliequivalents, Millimoles and Milliosmoles.
11. Carry out calculations related to the preparation of parenteral therapy: constituted
solutions, intravenous admixtures, rate of flow, calculations involving “units of
potency”, insulin units and heparin units.
12. Perform basic calculations that reflect a more patient-oriented, clinical-based
practice of pharmacy such as, body mass index, parenteral nutrition compounding,
caloric and protein requirements, enteral nutrition, chemotherapy, and biologics for
Text(s) and Readings:
Required text: Zatz J.L. and Teixeira M.G., Pharmaceutical Calculations, 4th Edition,
2005, Wiley Interscience.
1. Web documents printable through http://mgt.uwyo.edu; click on CLASSES, fall
2010, PHCY 6106; log in: web_phcy (case sensitive, no spaces; web, underline,
phcy); password: dose-calc#10 (case sensitive, no spaces; dose, dash sign, calc,
pound sign, ten).
2. Handouts distributed by instructor.
Course Requirements/Graded Assignments:
Calculator: any model and brand (needed during all classes and exams).
Attendance will not be taken but enrolled students are expected to attend all classes.
Attendance to lectures is highly recommended and students are responsible for all
material covered and in-class announcements. Attendance is highly recommended for
successful completion of the course.
Continuous use of self-paced learning format of adopted textbook throughout the
semester, including practicing and review problems.
Full participation in Class assignments (graded) is required for successful completion of
course. Class assignments are problems to be solved after a lecture or during an entire
class period. They are announced in advance and are part of the grade in the course.
Full participation in Exams is required for successful completion of course.
Exams: 3 total; may include subjects covered in a previous exam if the instructor
considers necessary and should not be considered as “make-up”.
Final Exam: comprehensive; multiple-choice, at date assigned by the office of the
Registrar. Syllabus- PHCY 6106- Teixeira –2010 2 UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING School of Pharmacy Grading Standards:
% of grade
GRADE DISTRIBUTION: (UW Regulation 6- 722, Rev.2, 2008)
Exceptional (≥ 90 %)
Very good (80 - 89.9 %)
Fair (70 - 79.9 %)
Poor (60 - 69.9 %)
Failure (≤ 59.9 %): may be assigned as
a grade for failure to attend, for academic dishonesty, or to
indicate failure to formally withdraw or terminate)
Incomplete (temporary mark pending course work
completion as agreed in a signed document)
*A grade of D or lower or course withdrawal in any required course constitutes failure to
progress towards the Doctor of Pharmacy degree and may result in termination from the
pharmacy program or inability to be placed in fourth professional year courses. (School
of Pharmacy Student Affairs Regulation, 2004)
Expectations & Course Standards & Policies:
It is expected that all students:
are on time for classes and remain for the entire period;
act constructively and not show disruptive and uncivil behavior in the classroom
or in the instructor’s office, especially in front of other members of the class or
the university community;
use words and actions that promote and encourage self-worth, respect, dignity,
ask questions or make comments related only to the subject presented/ discussed
in class, which may benefit the entire class. Mindless talking during lecture is
inconsiderate, immature behavior. Chit-chat must be left in the hallways where it
belongs. The instructor will ask the student(s) to leave the classroom if persistent
and disruptive talking happens.
Lectures are step-by-step demonstrations of various problem-solving techniques.
They may include discussion of practice problems from the textbook, old quizzes or
exams, or from other sources.
Class attendance will not be taken but all enrolled students are expected to attend
all classes. Additionally, students are responsible for all material covered.
University sponsored absences are cleared/justified through the Dean of the Students
Office, Knight Hall, Room 128 ~ (307) 766-3296 ~ http://www.uwyo.edu/DOS/ ~
Monday-Friday 8:00 am- 5:00pm.
If a cell phone inadvertently, but continuously, rings during the class, the student
may be asked by the instructor to leave the class. Syllabus- PHCY 6106- Teixeira –2010 3 UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING
• • • •
• • •
• • • School of Pharmacy Mindless talking during lecture is inconsiderate, immature behavior. Students are
expected to ask questions or make comments related to the subject
presented/discussed in class, which may benefit the entire class. Chit-chat must be
left in the hallways where it belongs. The instructor will ask the student(s) to leave
the class if persistent and disruptive talking happens.
In some occasions, class assignments may include the use of the textbook and/or
students’ notes and the instructor will give permission to have them open.
No make-up or early/late graded activities will be considered for any individual
student and/or for personal issues non-excusable by UW. For any missed and
excusable work, the student should provide as early as possible an excused absence
(obtained from the Dean of Students Office or any other appropriate authority) and
inform the instructor (prior to the time the graded work would happen) through a
phone call or email. Excused absence for missed work should be initiated by the
student. Students presenting multiple, repetitive, excused absences will be checked
by the instructor with the Dean of Students Office. Make-up of missed work will be at
the discretion of the instructor for format and date. Un-excused absence will count
Prior to exams, all books, notebooks, class notes, reading materials, backpacks and
purses should be closed and placed under the student’s desk or at a place designated
by the instructor. If a calculator is needed, it should be removed from the student’s
bag before initiating the exam. Additionally, hats must be removed or turned
backwards be removed or turned backwards; cell phones, pagers, MP3s, IPods and
palm-type of technologies will not be allowed in any mode and must be turned off
and kept away (not on the student’s desk).
Exams will be held during class meeting time (50 min.) and Final Exam held during
UW designated time and place. Final Exam must be returned to the instructor.
Failure to return the exam together with the bubble sheet will translate into a grade
of zero in the final exam and an academic dishonesty charge will be filed.
Students must arrive punctually for graded assignments and examinations. No student
will be allowed to take the assignment/exam after 10 minutes of its distribution.
Students who have a special need to leave the classroom for any reason (e.g. go to
the restroom) must do it prior to the beginning of all examinations. In extraordinary
circumstances, if a student is allowed by the instructor to leave the classroom during
an exam, it will be possible only before any student has turned the exam in.
Exams must show all calculations in an organized manner and in clear, legible
handwriting, thus the instructor will not be forced to guess the student’s order of
reasoning. The consequence may be no credit for the question.
Graded exams will be returned only to the student who owns it. The final exam is not
returned to students.
Exams are discussed in class after they are returned to the students. Students may
request a review of grading at the latest within 5 working days after the graded exam
The instructor will neither consider requests for changing exams’ dates nor make
special arrangements based on personal trips or early purchase of air tickets
scheduled at inappropriate academic dates or times.
Projects for other courses (including shadowing trips), student organizations’
activities and work schedules should be planned around meeting times for classes, Syllabus- PHCY 6106- Teixeira –2010 4 UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING School of Pharmacy labs, and/or exams as no make-up or accommodations will be considered by the
instructor for these situations.
How to study for this course:
Check the proposed schedule and announcements by instructor and review
materials before lectures.
Try to solve some problems before the lectures.
Bring your questions to the class since they may benefit others.
Keep up with all problems presented in the book and any additional problems
provided by the instructor. This will require studying at least 4 hours per week.
If you can’t understand a problem, try to read it by parts, taking note and
organizing the data.
When getting “stuck” while practicing with problems, stop, clear your head by
doing another activity, then get back to the problem. You will be surprised how
easy it may become.
Get immediate help from instructor or a classmate, whenever you can’t follow a
subject or solve a problem. Do not leave it for the day before the exam.
Make sure you are prepared for exams and assignments and do not leave new
material for the last minute.
Learn to organize your work, especially the order of your reasoning. The
instructor may become aggravated while trying to grade your calculations and
you may not get all credit for your work.
Be positive and respectful of other students who are slower at understanding a
subject or have different learning styles than yours.
How to be successful in this course:
Don’t procrastinate! Get a little work done every day.
Get help immediately if you can’t figure out the solution of a problem.
Come prepared for class assignments and exams.
Don’t “study” from old exams; all exams contain new questions.
Don’t memorize solutions of problems as each pharmaceutical situation that
requires calculations has its own characteristics and data.
Academic Honesty and Professional Conduct:
The University of Wyoming is built upon a strong foundation of integrity, respect and
trust. All members of the university community have a responsibility to be honest and
the right to expect honesty from others. Any form of academic dishonesty is
unacceptable to our community and will not be tolerated [UW General Bulletin].
Teachers and students should report suspected violations of standards of academic
honesty to the instructor, department head, or dean. Other University regulations can
be found at: http://uwadmnweb.uwyo.edu/legal/universityregulations.htm.
If a student is caught in an act of academic dishonesty, a grade F will be assigned for
the course and the student will not be allowed to be in class for the rest of the
Incivility in the classroom is defined as activities or behaviors that disrupt teaching and
learning. These include, but are not limited to, verbal obscenities, sound effects,
Syllabus- PHCY 6106- Teixeira –2010 5 UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING School of Pharmacy sleeping, reading newspaper or other materials unrelated to the class, shuffling papers,
books or notebooks, wearing a headset, ringing of pagers or cell phones, eating, chewing
tobacco or gum, talking, throwing objects, fighting, inappropriate dress (especially
during presentations), bringing your children to class or examinations and entering the
classroom late or leaving early. Incivilities will be initially addressed by the instructor,
privately, with the student(s) involved. Repetitive disruptive/uncivil behavior will be
reported to appropriate authorities and may lead to disastrous results.
Collaborations, unauthorized by the instructor, are considered academic dishonesty and
will follow the same sanctions mentioned above. Selected examples of unauthorized
collaborations are: arranging to have others take examinations or complete assignments
for oneself, collaborating, acquiring from or providing materials to other student (s) on
individual assignments, improperly obtaining copies of exams or assignments before or
after its administration and/or passing them over to students enrolled in other sections
of the same course, misrepresenting your attendance or the attendance of others when
mandatory attendance is in effect, etc.
Thur-Nov.11: Discussion of syllabus and class/course policies; general guidelines
for performing pharmaceutical calculations. Labor Day – no classes EXAM 1 EXAM 2
Advising Week for Spring 2011 (sign-up list for advising and class
schedule forms available at your advisor's office door during previous
week) Syllabus- PHCY 6106- Teixeira –2010 6 UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING Tues-Nov.16:
Tue-Dec.7: School of Pharmacy EXAM 3
Thanksgiving Break – no classes
Final Exam (8-10 AM) – UW Final Examination Schedule *This syllabus is only a projection of activities that may take place over the course. The
instructor reserves the right to modify it to fit unforeseen circumstances or to maximize
learning. Scheduling is flexible and subjects may be added or dropped. Syllabus may be
replaced by updated policies, if needed. Any changes are discussed with the students, clearly
announced in class and posted on instructor’s website. Syllabus- PHCY 6106- Teixeira –2010 7 ...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 10/15/2010 for the course PHCY 6106 taught by Professor Teixeira during the Fall '10 term at Pima CC.
- Fall '10