March 29, 2010
Can Animals Be Gay?
By JON MOOALLEM
The Laysan albatross is a downy seabird with a seven-foot wingspan and a notched, pale yellow
beak. Every November, a small colony of albatrosses assembles at a place called Kaena Point,
overlooking the Pacific at the foot of a volcanic range, on the northwestern tip of Oahu, Hawaii.
Each bird has spent the past six months in solitude, ranging over open water as far north as
Alaska, and has come back to the breeding ground to reunite with its mate. Albatrosses can live
to be 60 or 70 years old and typically mate with the same bird every year, for life. Their “divorce
rate,” as biologists term it, is among the lowest of any bird.
When I visited Kaena Point in November, the first birds were just returning, and they spent a
lot of their time gliding and jackknifing in the wind a few feet overhead or plopped like cushions
in the sand. There are about 120 breeding albatrosses in the colony, and gradually, each will
arrive and feel out the crowd for the one other particular albatross it has been waiting to have
sex with again. At any given moment in the days before Thanksgiving, some birds may be just
turning up while others sit there killing time. It feels like an airport baggage-claim area.
Once together, pairs will copulate and collaboratively incubate a single egg for 65 days. They
take shifts: one bird has to sit at the nest while the other flaps off to fish and eat for weeks at a
time. Couples preen each other’s feathers and engage in elaborate mating behaviors and
displays. “Like when you’re in a couple,” Marlene Zuk, a biologist who has visited the colony,
explained to me. “All those sickening things that couples do that gross out everyone else but the
two people in the couple? . . . Birds have the same thing.” I often saw pairs sitting belly to belly,
arching their necks and nuzzling together their heads to form a kind of heart shape. Speaking
on Oahu a few years ago as first lady,
praised Laysan albatross couples for making
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Can Animals Be Gay? - NYTimes.com