chapter 8 - Chapter 8: Health and Illness MULTIPLE CHOICE...

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Chapter 8: Health and Illness MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The nurse explains that the health-illness continuum is based on: 1. prevention of acute illness. 2. individual response to health or illness. 3. promotion of health and wellness. 4. variation in degree of health or illness. ANS: 4 Currently, health and illness are viewed as relative states along a continuum. Individuals are at neither absolute health nor absolute illness, but are in an ever-changing state of being. PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: 79 OBJ: 1 TOP: Current View of Health-Illness Continuum KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance 2. The nurse clarifies that currently the health care system is concerned with: 1. treating illness. 2. preventing illness. 3. promoting optimal function in the chronically ill. 4. caring for patients with acute and chronic illness. ANS: 2 “Health promotion activities are directed toward maintaining or enhancing well-being as a protection against illness.” PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 80 OBJ: 8 TOP: Health Promotion KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance 3. The nurse reminds the client that the traditional view of health: 1. promotes optimal function. 2. views health and illness as separate concepts. 3. defines health as an absence of illness. 4. emphasizes prevention of disease. ANS: 2 Traditionally, health and illness have been viewed as separate entities. PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: 79 OBJ: 2 TOP: Traditional View of Health and Illness KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance 4. The nurse points out that the current view of health:
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1. promotes the highest quality of life possible, mentally and socially. 2. includes mental, physical, social, and emotional adaptation to the environment. 3. includes the basic physiological needs and self-actualization. 4. relies on alternative therapies for treatment and cure of diseases. ANS: 2 A healthy person maintains stability and comfort by adapting physically, mentally, emotion- ally, and socially to internal and external events. PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: 80 OBJ: 2 TOP: Current View of Health and Illness KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance 5. During the initial data gathering, the patient reveals a weight loss of 17 pounds since the death of his spouse 5 weeks ago. He says that he is not sleeping and has no appetite. Using Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, the nurse assesses that the unmet needs are in the category of: 1. physiologic. 2. safety and security. 3. love and belonging. 4.
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2010 for the course HNSC HNSC 6.1 taught by Professor Katz during the Spring '10 term at CUNY Brooklyn.

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chapter 8 - Chapter 8: Health and Illness MULTIPLE CHOICE...

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