chapter 11 - Chapter 11: The Older Patient MULTIPLE CHOICE...

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Chapter 11: The Older Patient MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. “Old age” or the term “aged” can best be defined as: 1. a person’s state of mind. 2. a person over 65 years of age. 3. the process of growing older. 4. a person of advanced age. ANS: 4 Age is defined as old or advanced in years. PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: 129 OBJ: 2 TOP: Definitions of Old Age KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A MSC: NCLEX: N/A 2. Aging is recognized by gerontologists as a developmental process that: 1. is measured in chronological years. 2. is directly related to heredity. 3. relates to behavioral characteristics. 4. begins at the time of birth. ANS: 4 Geriatrics is the science of old age and application of knowledge related to the biological, biomedical, behavioral, and social aspects of aging. PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: 129 OBJ: 2 TOP: Definitions of Old Age KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A MSC: NCLEX: N/A 3. Prerequisites for the nurse working with the geriatric patient include an understanding that: 1. there is a need for specialized knowledge. 2. the geriatric patient will be physically impaired. 3. most geriatric patients will develop dementia. 4. the geriatric patient will need to be closely supervised. ANS: 1 Knowledge, understanding, and caring are prerequisites for working effectively with older adults. PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: 130 OBJ: 1 TOP: Roles of the Gerontological Nurse KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A MSC: NCLEX: N/A 4. A 78-year-old resident of a long-term care facility insists on wearing high heels and miniskirts to the dining room for meals and will not leave her room without first applying glamorous makeup. The gerontological nurse assesses that the behavior is related to: 1. insecurity about her appearance.
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2. trying to cope with the changes of aging. 3. denial concerning her advancing age. 4. her fashion consciousness. ANS: 3 Some older people confront aging, whereas others deny it by acting in a younger manner. PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: 130 OBJ: 2 TOP: Ageism: Myths and Stereotypes KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment MSC: NCLEX: N/A 5. According to Butler, a well-known gerontologist, ageism: 1. dehumanizes the older individual. 2. is based on the biological theory of aging. 3. is based on natural and purposeful occurrences. 4. continues to change as the population age. ANS: 1 Ageism is the stereotyping of and discrimination against people because of their age. PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: 130 OBJ: 2 TOP: Ageism: Myths and Stereotypes KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A MSC: NCLEX: N/A 6. The nurse explains that the effects of aging on the nervous system result in: 1. an accelerated loss of neurons in the brain. 2.
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chapter 11 - Chapter 11: The Older Patient MULTIPLE CHOICE...

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