Intro To Psychology Slides, Notes and Reviews ( Peter Gray 5th Edition)

Intro To Psychology Slides, Notes and Reviews ( Peter Gray 5th Edition)

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Adolescence & Adulthood
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Lecture Overview Bio-psycho-social development in  adolescence Adolescent Risk Taking Adolescent Identity Formation Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Adulthood
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Adolescence Adolescence is marked by  biological developments psychological developments  changing social roles/goals/circumstances As with most stages of development,  Adolescence is marked by competing  drives or needs:  autonomy/independence  needs and  affiliation/belongingness  needs
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Biological Changes in  Adolescence In North America, puberty begins between 10-14 in girls  and between 11-16 in boys (about 4 years earlier than in  the last century, and similarly 4 years earlier than pre- industrial societies). Physiologically, adolescents undergoing puberty  experience increased levels of the respective male and  female sex hormones: testosterone and estrogen Sex hormones increase general levels of physiological   and psychological arousal: Increased Sensory alertness Increased mobility and readiness to respond Increased physiological and psychological sensitivity to incoming  stimuli Increased sensitivity to cues about social status
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Psychological Changes in  Adolescence The brain is also continuing to develop  during adolescence.  The areas of the brain that undergo the  greatest developmental changes in  adolescence are those associated with:  social cognition  emotion regulation “executive function” and decision making
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Psychological Changes in  Adolescence What do these brain-based developments mean  for adolescents’ psychological development? Greater ability to perceive, analyze and predict the  thoughts and intentions of others (social cognition) Greater ability to remember and synthesize previously  “independent” pieces of information Greater ability to think in terms of hypotheticals
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This note was uploaded on 10/15/2010 for the course PSYCH PSYCH1 taught by Professor Johnson during the Fall '09 term at CUNY Brooklyn.

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Intro To Psychology Slides, Notes and Reviews ( Peter Gray 5th Edition)

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