Mental Disorders _DSM and Anxiety

Mental Disorders _DSM and Anxiety - MentalDisorders...

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Mental Disorders The DSM-IV and Anxiety  Disorders
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Lecture Overview Intelligence: Single Trait or Multiple Traits? What is a Mental Disorder? What are Anxiety Disorders?
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Is intelligence really a  single  factor? The notion that there is an underlying ability that contributes  to a person’s performance on all mental tests (which is called  “g” or “general intelligence”) is still fairly widely accepted,   Evidence in Support of “g” In the 1930’s, mathematician Charles Spearman gave  people diverse mental tests and found moderate to high  correlations between test scores, meaning those who  tended to score high on any one test scored high on  average on all tests Each of the 4 Specific Ability Indexes of the WAIS are  highly correlated with each other People’s Full Scale IQ Scores are quite stable over time in  adulthood (between ages 20 and 60, it is rare to see more  than a 10% change in IQ)
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Is intelligence really a  single  factor? Evidence Against the notion of “g”: Damage to specific brain regions may affect some  aspects of WAIS performance without affecting others fMRI studies show that different, independent brain  regions are recruited to complete different tasks in the  WAIS index tests “Savants” show near genius levels of intelligence in  one or two areas yet often have low intelligence  scores in other areas This suggests that “Intelligence” may not be a  single unitary factor
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Gardner’s Theory of Multiple  Intelligences Harvard Psychologist Howard Gardner’s research suggests  that there are  8 Distinct Intelligences  each controlled by a  different brain region and each normally distributed in the  population: Linguistic Intelligence  Logical-Mathematical Intelligence Spatial Intelligence Spatial relations smarts (think Pablo Picasso or Frank Gehry or textile weavers)  Musical intelligence Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence Interpersonal Intelligence politicians) Intrapersonal Intelligence Self-awareness & Self-Knowledge 
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Disordered Functioning If being able to plan ahead, make  successful predictions, and cope  adaptively in one’s environment are  markers of desirable, healthy, and  intelligent functioning, then what  characterizes abnormal functioning? 
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Mental Disorders _DSM and Anxiety - MentalDisorders...

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