Motivation1_Hunger

Motivation1_Hunger - Motivation The Big, The Small & Their...

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Motivation The Big, The Small & Their Mechanisms
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Lecture Overview Definition A Brief History of “Motivation” Neural Mechanisms regulating Mammalian Drives Hunger
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Motivation: a working definition One’s motivation can be thought of as “the entire constellation of factors (some internal, some external) that cause an individual to behave in a particular way at a particular time A motivational state is an internal condition that orients an individual toward a specific category of goals and that can change over time
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A Brief History of “Motivation” Freudian Drives Humanism & Functionally Autonomous Needs Conscious Goal-Pursuit
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Historical / Traditional conceptions of motivation: Unconscious Drives Sigmund Freud and early psychoanalysts explained behavior in terms of 2 fundamental, unconscious drives: Eros: the life-seeking, pleasure-seeking, pain-avoiding libido (similar to the Hedonic Principle) Thanatos: the destructive, aggressive, death-seeking drive People’s personality or character was determined by the way they disguised and channeled these drives Freud saw the norms and morals of civilization as being fundamentally in conflict with the human animal’s basic drives Thus, the human experience can be characterized as the ongoing struggle between the Ego’s ability to satisfy the drives of the Id while obeying society’s rules and norms, which are internalized by the Super-ego
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Historical / Traditional conceptions of Ammendments of Freud: Object Relations theorists Karen Horney, John Bowlby, Melanie Klein, Ronald Fairbairn Anxiety Reduction Drive (aka Security Needs) Individual Psychology Alfred Adler Superiority Striving (overcoming the sense of inferiority felt in childhood) Healthy superiority striving works to improve the individual AND the group The individual is driven to strive for perfection in Communal Living, Work, and Love (the “three life problems”)
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This note was uploaded on 10/15/2010 for the course PSYCH PSYCH1 taught by Professor Johnson during the Fall '09 term at CUNY Brooklyn.

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Motivation1_Hunger - Motivation The Big, The Small & Their...

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