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StudentsFall08_Psy1.1_Notes_Learning - JoannaSerafin...

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Psychology 1.1 Psychology 1.1 Basic Processes of Learning Basic Processes of Learning Joanna Serafin [email protected] Fall 2008 Learning involves adaptation to changing conditions within one’s lifetime but the mechanisms that underlie learning are evolutionary adaptations  -Peter Gray Outline 0. What is learning? 1. Ecological Perspective on Learning 2. Behavioral Perspective on Learning 0. Classical conditioning 1. Operant conditioning 3. Cognitive Perspective on Learning What is learning? Learning   - change in behavior brought about by repeated experiences in a  situation, provided that the behavior change  cannot  be explained on the basis of  native response tendencies, maturation or temporary states of the subject (for  example, fatigue, drugs, and so on) (Hilgard & Bower, 1975).
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Ecological Perspective on Learning 0. Evolutionary history of plays a large role in what and how organisms  learn 0.
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