StudentsFall08_Psy1.1_Notes_Motivation&Emotion

StudentsFall08_Psy1.1_Notes_Motivation&Emotion -...

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Psychology 1.1 Psychology 1.1 Joanna Serafin jserafin@gc.cuny.edu Fall 2008 Methods “[There are] two categories of methods for studying physiological states: the interventionist methods of physiological psychology and the recording methods of psychophysiology.” -Peter Gray Outline 0. General Principles of Motivation 1. Hunger: An Example of a Regulatory Drive 2. Sex: An Example of a Non-Regulatory Drive 3. Understanding Emotions 4. The Sleep Drive 5. Related issues General Principles of Motivation 1. Drives: An internal condition that orients an individual toward a specific category of goals and that can change over time in a reversible way. 2. Incentives are what one is motivated or driven to Drives and incentives are linked, if one is weak the other has to be strong to motivate behavior. Types of Drives 1. Regulatory drives ; maintain homeostasis in the body 2. Safety drives ; motivate an animal to avoid, escape or fend off dangers 3. Reproductive drives ; Sexual drive and drive to care for young 4. Social drives ; animals (most) require cooperation to survive. A drive for friendship approval by the social groups of which it is part. 5. Educative drives ; Drives to play and to explore (curiosity).
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StudentsFall08_Psy1.1_Notes_Motivation&Emotion -...

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