Intro to Child Psychology Notes and Slides

Intro to Child Psychology Notes and Slides - Cognitive...

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Cognitive Development Definition of Cognition: Human mental activity general Thoughts, Feelings, Beliefs, Attitudes Reasoning, Memory, Logic specific
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Cognitive Development Jean Piaget: Swiss biologist (1920’s-1980’s) Theories have stimulated more research than any other in child development and education Qualitative approach: Changes in development due to changes in nature of thought processes over time How an organism adapts to its enviroment: Intelligence
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Cognitive Development Piagetian Concepts Behavior controlled through mental organizations called schemas and equilibration. Schemata operations – as child grows, gradual shift occurs. Interpretation is that there are stages of development. Active biological process Interaction between child and environment
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Cognitive Development Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Birth to 2 yrs Sensor-imotor Uses senses and motor skills, items known by use, object permanence 2-6 yrs Pre- operational Symbolic thinking, language used; egocentric thinking; imagination and experience grow, child decenters 7-11 yrs Concrete operations Logic applied, objective/rational interpretations; does conservation, numbers, ideas, classifications 12 yrs- adulthood Formal operations Thinks abstractly, hypothetical ideas (ethics, politics, social/moral issues) explored
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Cognitive Development Piagetian Method Clinical interviews with small sample of children Required well-established verbal
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Intro to Child Psychology Notes and Slides - Cognitive...

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