S09 Intelligence and morality (1)

S09 Intelligence and morality (1) - Intelligence...

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Intelligence Psychometric Approach Main focus is quantitative assessment of cognitive function Content of intelligence Structure of intelligence Key assumption is there is something that composes general intelligence and that this can be numerically measured
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Intelligence Definition of intelligence Binet Intelligence is the ability to judge, reason, comprehend and understand. Wechsler Intelligence is the global capacity to act purposefully, think rationally, and deal effectively with the environment. Sternberg Intelligence is acting in goal-directed, adaptive ways.
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Intelligence Binet (1902) Intelligence Tests Designed to meet the demand of testing adults for comparative intelligence.
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Intelligence Intelligence Quotient: A method of quantifying performance on an intelligence test. To standardize the IQ, multiplied by 100. I.Q. = Mental Age Chronological Age
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Intelligence Deviation IQ Establishes norms for a given age range. Allows comparison of individual performance to those in their own age range. Best predictor of school performance.
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Intelligence Wechsler (1939) Intelligence Tests Stanford-Binet test was too verbal. Developed intelligence tests for children and adults. WPPSI- Pre-school and early primary school (3-7 years) WISC- Scale for children and adolescents (6-16 years) WAIS- Adult intelligence scale (16-90 years)
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WISC-IV Block Design Letter-number sequencing Arithmetic Similarities Vocabulary Information Word Reasoning Picture concepts Matrix reasoning Picture completion Digit span Comprehension
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Intelligence Measuring Infant Intelligence Bayley Scales of Infant Development For infants of 1 month to 3½ years Includes nonverbal items Mental and motor scales Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence Measures attention span Appears to be culture-fair
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Intelligence Common characteristics of testing: Constructed to assess school-related cognitive ability Assess general adjustment and health Measure cognitive function relative to a norm for the age group Use of symbols to solve problems.
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Intelligence Stability of Measured Intelligence Changes in children’s IQ over time IQ tests are fairly reliable predictors Evidence of considerable variability High-IQ children more likely to be predicted Shifts in IQ occur about ages 6 and 10 Experiential factors change IQ
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Group Performance on IQ tests Genetic Determination (Murray, Herrnstein, Jensen, Eysenck) Intelligence is inherited and individual Measures potential intelligence capability IQ score differences between groups are due to heritable factors. HOWEVER
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S09 Intelligence and morality (1) - Intelligence...

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