Child Development Notes Fall 09

Child Development Notes Fall 09 - Psychology is how we look...

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Unformatted text preview: Psychology is how we look at Human Behavior. Development means changes over our lifetime. Norms are the behaviors of a child at a given age Childhood is the earliest part of a persons lifespan Things that effect development: Biological changes and Cognitive changes Chronological phases of Development Pre Natal (Before Birth) Post Natal (After Birth) o Infancy (Birth till 2 years old) o Childhood (2-11) Early (toddler) Middle (School) Late (prepubescent) o Adolescence (10-21) Early Middle Late o Adulthood (21- ) History Ancient Greece- Socrates and Plato believed that thinking occurred during adolescence. Aristotle, however thought adolescents had self-determination. Middle ages- children were considered mini-adults. Children in the Middle ages were treated like Adults and had to work. Children are thought of carriers of diseases and were sent to live in oter facilities to combat the disease. 16 th- 18 th centuries John Locke- observable and measurable behaviors, which is shaped by the environment. Children were thought of as Tabula Rasa- Blank Slate Rousseau- there are developmental stages. He believed that children should be allowed to live in nature for a while (kindergarten), and then in their adolescent years they should be taught in schools Charles Darwin- looked at children as an extension of a species (he studied his infant son) Pryer- psychologist (1882) observed his son and said that not only do parents effect children, but children effect parents too American Child Psychology G. Stanley Hall (1902) head of a program in child psychology, uses norms from questionnaires given to parents and making standards from that. Hall said that Adolescence was a time of stress and storm (because of puberty and hormones). Nature Alfred Binet- (1905) made the fist IQ test. James Mark Baldwin (1914) looked at color perception in infants, he realized that as kids get older they perceive more colors J.B. Watson- father of American Behaviorism (little Albert experiment) Margret Mead- anthropologist who studied Samoans and noted no storm and stress symptoms mentioned by Hall. (sociocultural view) Arnold Gesell (1934)- studied children in the first five years of life and focused on motor skill milestones Themes Hereditary vs. environment/ nature vs. nurture/ endogenous vs. exogenous Continuity vs. discontinuity Continuity- behavioral changes occur quantitatively, growing smoothly. At first you dont understand, but then you start to learn, then you...
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This note was uploaded on 10/15/2010 for the course PSYCH PSYCH20 taught by Professor Goldman during the Spring '09 term at CUNY Brooklyn.

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Child Development Notes Fall 09 - Psychology is how we look...

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