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Unformatted text preview: SUMMARY HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2006 9 The water is not good in this pond. We collect it because we have no alternative. All the animals drink from the pond as well as the community. Because of the water we are also getting different diseases. Zenebech Jemel, Chobare Meno, Ethiopia Of course I wish I were in school. I want to learn to read and write…. But how can I? My mother needs me to get water. Yeni Bazan, age 10, El Alto, Bolivia The conditions here are terrible. There is sewage everywhere. It pollutes our water. Most people use buckets and plastic bags for toilets. Our children suffer all the time from diar- rhoea and other diseases because it is so filthy. Mary Akinyi, Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya They [the factories] use so much water while we barely have enough for our basic needs, let alone to water our crops. Gopal Gujur, farmer, Rajasthan, India Four voices from four countries united by a sin- gle theme: deprivation in access to water. That deprivation can be measured by statistics, but behind the numbers are the human faces of the millions of people denied an opportunity to re- alize their potential. Water, the stuff of life and a basic human right, is at the heart of a daily crisis faced by countless millions of the world’s most vulnerable people—a crisis that threatens life and destroys livelihoods on a devastating scale. Unlike wars and natural disasters, the global crisis in water does not make media headlines. Nor does it galvanize concerted in- ternational action. Like hunger, deprivation in access to water is a silent crisis experienced by the poor and tolerated by those with the re- sources, the technology and the political power to end it. Yet this is a crisis that is holding back human progress, consigning large segments of humanity to lives of poverty, vulnerability and insecurity. This crisis claims more lives through disease than any war claims through guns. It also reinforces the obscene inequalities in life chances that divide rich and poor nations in an increasingly prosperous and interconnected world and that divide people within countries on the basis of wealth, gender and other mark- ers for disadvantage. Overcoming the crisis in water and sani- tation is one of the great human development challenges of the early 21st century. Success in addressing that challenge through a concerted national and international response would act as a catalyst for progress in public health, edu- cation and poverty reduction and as a source of economic dynamism. It would give a decisive Overview Beyond scarcity Power, poverty and the global water crisis The global crisis in water consigns large segments of humanity to lives of poverty, vulnerability and insecurity 10 SUMMARY HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2006 impetus to the Millennium Development Goals—the targets adopted by governments as part of a global partnership for poverty re- duction. The business as usual alternative is to tolerate a level of avoidable suffering and loss of human potential that all governments should...
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2010 for the course ESPM C12 taught by Professor Garrisonsposito during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.
- Spring '10