Counseling_BW_

Counseling_BW_ - Nutrition Intervention Counseling for...

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Nutrition Intervention Counseling for Change Counseling is a critical step in facilitating nutrition therapy self management for clients It includes strategies for conveying expertise and theoretical knowledge that the client can incorporate into his/her life Counseling involves studying the client’s feelings, experiences, thoughts, beliefs and attitudes Creating a strong connection is important in allowing guidance in behavior change Must begin with the assessment of the client’s readiness to change Failure to do this leaves the client frustrated and the counselor feeling ineffective Counseling represents one of the greatest challenges for health care professionals but can be rewarding
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Changing Behavior Counseling is a complex type of intervention People are motivated to change through their ability to manage their own behaviors The nutrition counselor set up the following Transient support system Prepares the client to handle social and personal demands favorable conditions for change Skills and strategies vary to offer individual guidance
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Strategies Raising awareness Giving information (education) Addressing client concerns Providing dietary guidelines Correcting misinformation Encouraging visualization of a healthier lifestyle Substituting positive behaviors for unhealthy ones Identifying barriers to success Offering encouragement Supporting a strong sense of self efficacy Providing social support Avoids personal bias
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Social Behavior and Cultural Competency Social behavior Multicultural Counseling Respect for the client Genuineness Empathic understanding Communication of empathy Respect and genuineness to client Structuring the roles of counselor and client
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Stages of Change Model Precontemplation Contemplation Preparation Action Maintenance Relapse
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Cognitive Behavior Therapy Effective for body image problems Group therapy Smoking abstinence Assumes that thinking affects behavior Relevant beliefs can be identified and changed Desired behavior change can be achieved through changes in thinking (cognition) Cognitive restructuring has been helpful many individuals
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Motivational Interviewing People change behavior only when they are ready to change The nutrition intervention can be a powerful motivation People cycle through different phases of changing and maintaining their dietary changes Different interventions are needed for people in different stages of change Ambivalence can be resolved through intervention Resistance and denial get in the way of meeting goals
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