Chapter 5 (Papalia) - Chapter5:BirthandtheNewbornBaby I....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 5: Birth and the Newborn Baby I. Childbirth and Culture A. History of childbirth o Home deliveries o Midwives B. Reducing the risks of childbirth (20 th century) o Antibiotics o Safe anesthesia o Improved hygiene o Drugs for inducing labor C. Contemporary settings for childbirth o Hospital o Home births with a trained nurse-midwife o Homelike birth centers - Rooming-in policies § Allowing a baby to stay in the mother’s room - “demedicalizing” and “humanizing” the experience II. The Birth Process A. Parturition o 2 weeks before delivery o Process of uterine, cervical, and other changes o Risen estrogen levels o Production of corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) o Pre-labor signs - Braxton Hicks contractions § Warm-up, false contractions § Mild and irregular § Subsides - Lightening § baby moving down § less pressure on lungs - Flu-like symptoms - Cramps - Nesting urge - Sporadic backaches - Rupture of the amniotic sac § Water breaking
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
B. Three Stages of Childbirth o First Stage: Dilation of the cervix - 12-14 hours - Cervix thins out and opens - Anterior position: baby faces the mother’s back o Second Stage: Descent and emergence of the baby - 1-2 hours - pushing o Third Stage: Expulsion of the placenta - 10 minutes to 1 hour - Involution of the uterus - Episiotomy § A surgical cut between the vagina and anus C. Electronic fetal monitoring o Mechanical monitoring of fetal heartbeat during labor and delivery o Externally or internally D. Vaginal versus cesarean delivery o Cesarean delivery - Delivery of a baby by surgical removal from the uterus - If labor progresses too slowly - If fetus is in distress § In the breech position or in the transverse position § A large baby - If there’s vaginal bleeding E. Medicated versus Unmedicated o Medicated - Local (vaginal) anesthesia § Pedunal block during stage two - Analgesic (painkiller) § Depresses the activity of the CNS - Regional anesthesia § Epidural § Spinal o Unmedicated - Reducing or eliminating use of drugs - enable both parents to participate fully
Background image of page 2
- control perceptions of pain
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/17/2010 for the course PSYC 203 taught by Professor Michelecarter during the Fall '09 term at Tompkins Cortland Community College.

Page1 / 8

Chapter 5 (Papalia) - Chapter5:BirthandtheNewbornBaby I....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online