Chapter 6 (Papalia) - Chapter 6: Physical Development and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 6: Physical Development and Health during the First Three Years I. Growth and Nutrition A. Patterns of growth § Rapid weight gain - Doubled to 16 lbs by 5 months - Tripled to 23 lbs by 1 year § Teething - begins around 3-4 months - 6-8 teeth by age 1 § Cephalocaudal principle - Growth occurs from top down § Proximodistal principle - Growth occurs from the center of the body outward B. Nourishment § Formulas - Modified and enriched cow’s milk § Breastfeeding : Benefits and Cautions - Feeding a baby - Emotional and physical - Bonding - Recommendation - The best food for infants - Exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months - At least for the 1 st year - Benefits - Illness prevention § Diarrhea, respiratory/bacterial/urinary tract infections - Visual acuitity - Neurological development - Long-term cardiovascular health § Encouraging breastfeeding - “Baby-Friendly” hospitals - Institutional support of breastfeeding - Mothers trained to support breastfeeding § Nutritional concerns - Weaning between 6-12 months - Iron-enriched solid foods § Cereal - Fruit juice - US today - 30% infants given solid food before 4 months - 17% infants drank juice before 6 months - 20% infants drank cow’s milk before 12 months - Overfed § High in fat and sugar
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
II. The Brain and Reflex Behavior A. Building the brain § Central nervous system - Brain - Spinal cord - A bundle of nerves running through the backbone - Sensory messages travel to the brain and motor commands travel back § brain growth spurts - Periods of rapid brain growth and development § Major Parts of the Brain - Brain stem - Basic bodily functions - Cerebellum - Balance and motor coordination - lateralization § Specialization of the brain's hemispheres § Left hemisphere: language and logical thinking § Right hemisphere: visual and spatial functions - Corpus callosum § A tough band of tissue that joins the two hemispheres
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 6

Chapter 6 (Papalia) - Chapter 6: Physical Development and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online