Chapter 4 (Santrock) - Chapter 4: The Self, Identity,...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 4: The Self, Identity, Emotions, and Personality I. THE SELF A. Self-Understanding § What Is Self-Understanding? o The individual's cognitive representation of the self o the substance and content of self-conceptions. o Self-understanding is a social-cognitive construction § Dimension of Adolescents’ and Emerging Adults’ Self- Understanding o Abstraction and Idealism o Differentiation o The Fluctuating Self o Contradictions within the Self o Real vs. Ideal, True vs. False Selves possible self - What individuals might become - what they would like to become - what they are afraid of becoming o Soc ial Comparison o Self-Consciousness o Self-Protection o The Unconscious Self o Not Quite Yet a Coherent, Integrated Self § Emerging Adulthood and Adulthood o More integrative self-understanding § Self-Understanding and Social Contexts o Varies across Relationships - Mother, father, close friend, romantic partner, peer Social roles - Student, athlete, employee Ethnic/cultural background Experiences B. Self-Esteem and Self-Concept § What Are Self-Esteem and Self-Concept? o self-esteem The global evaluative dimension of the self Also self-worth or self-image Importance of peer judgment Positive or negative Factors - Body image - Media
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
- Peer pressure - Achievement - Expectations - Wealth - Parenting - Race/ethnicity - Sexual orientation - Popularity o self-concept Domain-specific evaluations of the self Academics, athletics, physical appearance, etc. § Self-Esteem: Perception and Reality o Perceptions do not always match reality § Does Self-Esteem Change During Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood? o Decrease in self-esteem during life transitions o Self-esteem fluctuates across the life span o Gender gap: women have lower self-esteem o Cohort effect Todays’ adolescents Encouragement of self-esteem in schools Unmerited praise Inflated self-esteem Difficulty handling competition and criticism § Is Self-Esteem Linked to Success in School and Initiative? o
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/17/2010 for the course PSYC 207 taught by Professor Michelecarter during the Fall '09 term at Tompkins Cortland Community College.

Page1 / 6

Chapter 4 (Santrock) - Chapter 4: The Self, Identity,...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online