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Annotated Bibliography 3 - cognitive schemas and...

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Wright, M. Crawford, E. & Del Castillo, D. (2009) Childhood Emotional Maltreatment and Later Psychological Distress among College Students: The Mediating Role of Maladaptive Schemas. Child Abuse and Neglect, 33, 59-68. Wright, Crawford, and Del Castillo, D. (2009) researched to test their hypothesis that childhood emotional abuse and emotional neglect contributes to long-term psychological distress. 301 college students consisting of 52% female responded to Lifetime Experiences Questionnaire (LEQ), Trauma Symptom Checklist-40, and Young’s Schema Questionnaire that assessed perceived childhood abuse and neglect, signs of psychological distress, and practice of maladaptive interpersonal schemas. Wright, Crawford, and Del Castillo, D. (2009) concluded that early parental interactions with children play a crucial role in the development of internal working models of self that shape later
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Unformatted text preview: cognitive schemas and psychological functioning. The data provided evidence that emotional abuse and neglect had more impact on long-term psychological functioning than did physical abuse and neglect. The subjects showed symptoms of anxiety and depression as a result of operating on internalized negative beliefs about the self as a result of constant criticism, contempt, disapproval, and rejection. They also had developed schemas of vulnerability to harm, shame, and self-sacrifice, but only those who experienced emotional neglect displayed symptoms of dissociation. Therefore, future research needs to separate emotional neglect from emotional abuse to find a clearer relationship between childhood neglect and dissociation....
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