{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Annotated Bibliography 4 - observe changes in children’s...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Gibb, B.E. & Abela, J. R. (2008) Emotional Abuse, Verbal Victimization, and the Development of Children’s Negative Inferential Styles and Depressive Symptoms. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 32, 161-176. Gibb and Abela (2008) recruited participants through local newspaper advertisements and posters throughout Montreal, Canada. The study further narrowed the participants to 86 adults who were diagnosed to have major depressive episodes after conducting the Structured Clinical interview for the DSM-IV and then studied their 140 children whose average age was 9.82 years. The children were given the Children’s Attributional Style Questionnaire (CASQ), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) to test the effects of emotional abuse. After the tests, the researchers followed up with the participating families for 12 months to
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: observe changes in children’s inferential styles about causes, consequences, and self-characteristics. Gibb and Abela (2008) confirmed that emotional abuse is associated with children’s development of negative inferential styles and depressive symptoms. They observed that the abusive messages parents conveyed to children involved negative characteristics about the children and caused significant negative changes in children. This study further solidified the theory that rejection and humiliation contribute to the children’s development of depressive symptoms and cognitions. It also recommends further research on the contents of the negative messages the children receive and the factors that link emotional abuse and the development of depressive cognitions and symptoms....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online