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Annotated Bibliography 3 - most families lived in a...

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Haymes, M., & Simon, S. (2003). Transracial Adoption: Families Identify Issues and Needed Support Services. Child Welfare , 132, 251-271. Haymes and Simon (2003) selected 20 White parents who had adopted a child of a different race and interviewed the children and adoptive parents to determine common issues found in transracial adoption. The children were between 8 and 14 year of age and were adopted before October 1994, when the Multi-Ethnic Placement Act was passed. Children and adoptive parents were asked about their attitudes toward race and adjustment as transracial adoption is unique in its visibility. Haymes and Simon (2003) revealed that despite the parents’ concern about racism, children had low to moderate involvement with their own race due to the lack of resources and support. Also,
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Unformatted text preview: most families lived in a community where its population was predominantly white. More children had ambivalent or negative racial identity, and some parents minimized their children’s experiences of racism. The research suggested the role of resources and reference materials of the children’s racial and ethnic background was crucial to the development of positive identity and self-esteem. Also, further concern remains for the effects of individual racism that is more prevalent than institutional racism. Cultural competence of transracially adopted children may be fostered through racial awareness, multicultural planning, and training survival skills....
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