Chapter10- Alkyl Halides

Chapter10- Alkyl Halides - 10. Alkyl Halides Based on...

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10. Alkyl Halides Based on McMurry’s Organic Chemistry , 6 th edition ©2003 Ronald Kluger Department of Chemistry University of Toronto
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McMurry Organic Chemistry 6th edition, Chapter 1 2 What Is an Alkyl Halide An organic compound containing at least one carbon- halogen bond (C-X) X (F, Cl, Br, I) replaces H Can contain many C-X bonds Properties and some uses Fire-resistant solvents Refrigerants Pharmaceuticals and precursors
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McMurry Organic Chemistry 6th edition, Chapter 1 3 10.1 Naming Alkyl Halides Name is based on longest carbon chain (Contains double or triple bond if present) Number from end nearest any substituent (alkyl or halogen)
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McMurry Organic Chemistry 6th edition, Chapter 1 4 Naming with Multiple Halides If more than one of the same kind of halogen is present, use prefix di, tri, tetra If there are several different halogens, number them and list them in alphabetical order
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McMurry Organic Chemistry 6th edition, Chapter 1 5 Naming if Two Halides or Alkyl Are Equally Distant from Ends of Chain Begin at the end nearer the substituent whose name comes first in the alphabet
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McMurry Organic Chemistry 6th edition, Chapter 1 6 Many Alkyl Halides That Are Widely Used Have Common Names Chloroform Carbon tetrachloride Methylene chloride Methyl iodide Trichloroethylene
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McMurry Organic Chemistry 6th edition, Chapter 1 7 10.2 Structure of Alkyl Halides C-X bond is longer as you go down periodic table C-X bond is weaker as you go down periodic table C-X bond is polarized with slight positive on carbon and slight negative on halogen
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This note was uploaded on 10/18/2010 for the course CHE 321 taught by Professor Fowler/sampson during the Fall '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Chapter10- Alkyl Halides - 10. Alkyl Halides Based on...

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