Alzheimer-Disease-Case-Study - Alzheimers Disease...

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Alzheimer’s Disease Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects the mental abilities including memory, language, and cognition. Progressively it leads to dementia and death. AD usually arises in late middle age or the elderly but there is a rare familial subtype that occurs earlier. Because AD is so well-known, other causes of dementia or memory loss may be overlooked. Other possible diagnoses include normal aging (if very mild symptoms), emotional problems , fatigue , depression , and certain medical conditions such as thyroid disease , brain tumors , multi-infarct disease , or Huntington's disease . In its early stages, a correct diagnosis of AD can also be overlooked itself and misdiagnosed as other conditions such as depression , dementia , simple forgetfulness , or senility . Signs and Symptoms: Early symptoms o Forgetfulness Loss of concentration Forgetting names Progressing symptoms Memory loss Language deterioration Disorientation o Forgetting how to do everyday tasks Impaired visual skills Confusion o Thinking difficulty Impaired spatial skills Poor judgment o Difficulty speaking Difficulty reading Later symptoms o Indifferent attitude Cognition disintegration Loss of speech o Apathy Personality disintegration Difficulty swallowing o Anxiety Suspicion Drooling o Depression Hostility Incontinence o Aggression Inability to function Wandering o Normal motor function (AD affects the brain but not the body) Diagnostic Tests: Urine tests Brain Scans : Blood tests Brain CT scan Neuropsychological tests Brain MRI scan Memory tests Brain PET scan Cognitive tests Types of Alzheimer’s Disease: Familial Alzheimer's disease - an early-onset inherited genetic form. CURABLE TYPE: Sporadic Alzheimer's disease RARE TYPE: Right parietal lobe syndrome related Alzheimer's disease
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Spastic paraparesis related alzheimer's disease Two types of AD exist: familial AD (FAD), which is found in families where AD follows a certain inheritance pattern; and sporadic (seemingly random) AD, where no obvious inheritance pattern is seen. Because of differences in age at onset, AD is further described as either early-onset (younger than 65 years old) or late-onset (65 years and older). Early-onset AD is rare and generally affects people aged 30 to 60. Early-onset AD progresses faster than the more common, late-onset forms of AD. Causes: Cerebral hypoxia After recovery from hypoxia (brought on by such conditions as carbon monoxide poisoning or acute respiratory failure), the patient may experience total amnesia for the event, along with sensory disturbances, such as numbness and tingling. Head trauma Depending on the trauma’s severity, amnesia may last for minutes, hours, or longer. Usually, the patient experiences brief retrograde and longer anterograde amnesia as well as persistent amnesia about the traumatic event. Severe head trauma can cause permanent amnesia or difficulty retaining recent memories. Related findings may include altered respirations and LOC; headache; dizziness; confusion; visual disturbances, such as blurred or double vision; and motor and sensory disturbances, such as
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Alzheimer-Disease-Case-Study - Alzheimers Disease...

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